ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Roma – Il Foro Romano di Soprintendenza Speciale per il Colosseo, il Museo Nazionale Romano e l’Area Archeologica di Roma (ex-SSBAR) = “Tour del brutto.” Prof. Arch. Giacomo Boni, Il Foro Romano (1898-1925) – IL MUSEO DEL FORO ROMANO | Antiquarium Forense di Roma [1898-1911]. Oggi – Museo Permanente Chiuso; Archivio Inaccessible e Pagina Web Cancellatto (2013-15), Perche??
ROME – The ROMAN FORUM – Over the course of the past 70 years (1946-2016) every Director of the Roman Forum and or the Archaeological Superintendent of Rome has promised to re-open the “Antiquarium Forense di Roma” of the Roman Forum and also published invaluable archives of Prof. Arch. Giacomo Boni, the Archaeological Director of the Roman Forum (1898-1925), later the Archaeological Director of the Palatine Hill (1907-25).
See: ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: [il Soprintendente: Dott. Arch. Francesco Prosperetti] «Il mito dei Dioscuri rinasce alla Fonte Giuturna ai Fori di Roma & A inizio 2016 riapriremo una parte dell’Antiquarium Forense di Giacomo Boni» C.D.S. (05|04|2015). = http://wp.me/pPRv6-2PO
Recently in the last few years, the Office of the Archaeological Superintendent of Rome | Office of the Roman Forum located in the “Uffici tecnici Piazza S.Maria Nova, 53 – 00186 – Roma – tel. 06699841” in the Roman Forum had briefly made a available a website, entitled = ROMA – “Antiquarium Forense di Roma” | Soprintendenza Speciale per il Colosseo, il Museo Nazionale Romano e l’Area Archeologica di Roma (ex-SSBAR) [06|2015].
Website now closed = http://www.archeoroma.beniculturali.it/carcer-tullianum/antiquarium/authentication.php
The website fundementally offered the interested reader in a very brief history, fuction and design of the “Antiquarium Forense di Roma” as created by Prof. Arch. Giacomo Boni, between 1900 and 1911. As well as important information on the scholarly activities and the research conducted by Prof. Boni in the Roman Forum from 1898-1925. See: Note 1 below of the former screenshots webpage of the “Antiquarium Forense di Roma.” = ROMA, IL FORO ROMANO & PROF. GIACOMO BONI: IL MUSEO DEL FORO ROMANO ANTIQUARIUM, SSBAR | MIBAC (2014). [06|2015].
More recently, the Spanish internet site “Sera: Paula – Disegno grafico Editorial” (c. 2015), wrote a brief review of the “Forensic Antiquarium Museum in Rome,” along with providing screenshots of the “Antiquarium Forense di Roma” of the Il Foro Romano of the ex-SBBAR [now = the “Soprintendenza Speciale per il Colosseo, il Museo Nazionale Romano e l’Area Archeologica di Roma”].
ROMA – Antiquarium | Il Foro Romano, Sera: Paula (2015), =
“…Website design to accommodate the digital portal of Forensic Antiquarium Museum in Rome, closed to the public in the ’60s. The custom made together with indissoluble and visivalab, for MIBAC (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali), proposed to open the museum to the public in digital form. We worked on a structure of 4 sections: ‘Esposizione tematiche virtuale’, this section gives dynamism to page organizing exhibitions with material in the collection of the museum; ‘Materiali del museo’, here the complete catalog of the museum’s exhibition is presented; ‘Visita al museo del Boni’, this section presents a 3D tour of the edificia with rooms still retain the old museum; and finally ‘A storia dell’edificio’, where the evolution of the space where the museum has worked. With a vertical layout, simple operation and a color code to separate the different sections, this project has worked; trying to give prominence to images and information. Client: Ministero per i Beni MIBAC e le Attività Culturali, indissoluble, visivalab.”
Source = ROMA – Antiquarium | Il Foro Romano, Sera: Paula (2015) : http://cargocollective.com/serepaula/Antiquarium
Unfortunately, as of today, June 2015, both the actual “Forensic Antiquarium Museum in the Roman Forum of Rome” and the former website “Antiquarium Forense di Roma” are both closed to Italians (the general public; university students and scholars | as well as their international peers).
While, recently in May 2015, Dr. Arch. Francesco Prosperetti, the newly appointed Archaeological Superintendent of Rome, stated that the “Antiquarium Forense di Giacomo Boni” would be re-opened to the public in 2016. Yet, every archaeological Superintedent of Rome, ranging from Prof. Adriano la Regina (1976-2005), as well as Dr. Prosperetti, precesor Dr. Mariarosaria Barbera [SSBAR] (2012-15), has also promised that the former Antiquarium of Prof. Boni would be open to the public.
— Prof. Adriano La Regina (edt.), ARCHAEOLOGICAL GUIDE TO ROME. MIBAC / SAR / Electa 2004. pg. 34.[section] “The Antiquarium Forense: Rediscovering an Ancient Museum.”
— ROMA – Torna l’Antiquarium, il museo scomparso, Corriere della Sera (25/2/2005).
— Prof. Giacomo Boni – Direttore degli Scavi di Antichità al Foro Romano e Palatino (1904): Il Servizio Biblioteca della Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma (2010).
— ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA, ARCHITETTURA e BENI CULTURALI: Dott. Mariarosaria Barbera (SSBAR), Soprintendente dei Beni Archeologici: pochi architetti e subissati perizie, “Schiacciati da ricorsi e burocrazia,” IL TEMPO (20|04|2014), p. 11.
Yet, today, a decade later (2015), the “Antiquarium Forense di Roma” is still closed after numerous promises to be reopened by nearly every archaeological superintendent of Rome over nearly the course of the last 40 years (1976-2016).
While, to be fair, each archaeological superintendent of Rome, ranging from Prof. La Regina (1976-2005) to Dr. Mariarosaria Barbera (2012-15), has cited the problems of lacking in funds as well as professional personal to properly maintain and administer and open to the public, prof. Boni’s, “Antiquarium Forense di Roma.”
Yet, in re-examining the history of prof. Boni’s archaeological activities in the Roman Forum and later at the Palatine Hill (1898-1925), as well as his simultaneous plans for the creation of the educational and museum support systems of the Roman Forum and later the Palatine Hill (1891-1925); both Boni (see: Prof. G. Boni [1891-1943 notes below]), as well as many persons affiliated with Boni’s archaeological and museum activities in the Forum and Palatine area (See: Dr. Eva Tea; Wickham Steed and Prof. Thomas Ashby [2.1. – 2.6 notes below]), all will attest that he Boni’s, had to pay out of his own pocket the expenses for the first, the new “Visitor Center of the Roman Forum” (c. 1900-1906) as well as for the later the “Antiquarium Forense di Roma” (1900-11).
— Rome, “Visitor Center |Roman Forum” (1906) = View of the first center near the Roman Forum, established by Prof. Giacomo Boni in 1906. Displayed here the “RICOSTRUZIONE PLASTICA ESEGUITA DAL PROF. G. MARCELLIANI,” the first model of ancient Rome (ca. 1906). = Roma, Il centro visitatori prima del Foro Romano dal Prof. Giacomo Boni (1906), e la “RICOSTRUZIONE PLASTICA ESEGUITA DAL PROF. G. MARCELLIANI,” (1906).
— Rome, “Antiquarium Forense di Roma” (1900-11) = Dr. Arch. Cristina Gonzalez-Longo, “Giacomo Boni at the Museo Forense: Construction History as a Source for Architectural Innovation,” in: Dunkeld et al. editors, Proc. Second Int. Congress on Construction History. Cambridge, Exeter: Short Run Press, (2006), p. 1341 of pp. 1341–1362.
Today, for the “Antiquarium Forense di Roma” of the Roman Forum, to still be closed over a century after it was opening to the Italian public in 1911-12; and for the invaluable archives of Prof. Giacomo Boni (1891-1925), also un-edited and inaccessible to the Italian public, students and scholars (and their international peers); as well as the current condition of the Roman Forum, and the “Antiquarium Forense di Roma” is beyond a shame, a “Tour del brutto”!
— ROME ARCHAEOLOGY & CULTURAL HERITAGE: Superintendent Dr. Mariarosaria Barbera (SSBAR), TG1 (30/08/2012) news in Rome shows how abandoned, absolutely filthy, and disgusting beyond words, as Rome’s ruins really are: the video shows a man shitting literally below the office windows of the SSBAR, near the Roman Forum (30/08/2012 & 14/11/2012).
The Italian term: “Tour del brutto”, was used in the recent news story in Rome, in late June 2015, to describe the current horrible conditions of the Via Appia, similar to that of the Roman Forum in 2012.
– ROMA – Appia antica, “Il tour del brutto” tra abusi edilizi, mura cadenti e degrade, LA REPUBBLICA (14 giugno 2015) = “Un tour lungo 2 chilometri e mezzo, tra abusi edilizi, muri cadenti e degrado urbano: è il “Tour del brutto” che ha attraversato l’Appia Antica. Una visita aperta a ogni cittadino guidata da Mario Tozzi, commissario del Parco Regionale dell’Appia Antica, e dallo scrittore Roberto Ippolito.”
Unfortunately, today, as of mid-2015, the brilliant work of Prof. Giacomo Boni, probably one of Italy’s best Archaeologists, Restoration Architects, and Museum Curators-Directors, etc., is largely inaccessible to the Italian public, university students and Scholars.
Today, for those persons interested in Prof. Boni’s work in Venice, Rome, Pompeii and elsewhere throughout Italy (c. 1885-1925), one simply cannot rely on the Italian Ministry of Culture; the Superintendency of Archaeology in Rome; and the Archaeological Directorship of the Forum Forum, to provide even a simply website or brief online archival database, documenting Boni’s brilliant work in Rome and elsewhere in Italy. Why Not? Just look the horrible condition of the Roman Forum and the adjoining Imperial Forums (2012 to the present)! A “Tour del brutto”, That’s Why!
Note 1 = ROME – (ex-SBBAR) = Screenshots of the closed webpage of the: ROMA, IL FORO ROMANO & PROF. GIACOMO BONI: IL MUSEO DEL FORO ROMANO ANTIQUARIUM, SSBAR | MIBAC (2014). [06|2015].
NOTES 2.1 thru 2.6. =
2.1.) = ‘A well-constructed method is of the highest importance in all archaeological explorations, and in the case of the [Roman] Forum, it is more than ordinarily necessary, on the complex character of the excavations. Many strata are represented in the twenty-centuries of eventual life demanding investigation, strata often complicated by natural irregularity of the ground.’ (…) ‘The excavations have gone far enough to show us that the ruined buildings above the ground are but the last chapter of a long period of human history.’
Prof. Arch. Giacomo Boni, in “I. Opening meeting – Strata of the Forum,” The Journal of British and American Archaeological Society of Rome, Rome, Vol. III, No. 3, (1901), pp. 97-8 of pp. 97-100.
2.2.) = “…We consign to history a group of buildings whose sight is magnificent, a worthy site for the Museum of the Roman Forum.”
Prof. Giacomo Boni, 7th November, 1901. in: Prof. Giacomo Boni (1901) [= the Museum and Antiquarium of the Roman Forum: 1900-1907], in: ‘Progetto di Restauro – Il Monumento Oggi – Il Tempio di Venere e Roma,’ Rome, MiBAC | SSBAR (2011).
2.3) = ‘…But Comm. [Giacomo] Boni’s idea of forming in the new museum [of the Roman Forum] a reference library and a collection of photographs of Roman monuments from all parts of the Roman world is a good one. Such a collection will be of very considerable use to students, if can combine completeness with simplicity of arrangement. There will, of course, be plans and photographs of the Forum itself, and of drawings and views, from the fifteenth century onwards, relating to it, many of which are of greatest value for the study of the subject. Comm. Boni’s appeal to those who are interested in it to contribute any books, publications or photographs that have any bearing upon it, and it is to be hoped that further help will be forthcoming towards the formation of the collection.’
Prof. Thomas Ashby, Jr.; “RECENT EXCAVATIONS IN ROME,” THE CLASSICAL REVIEW (1906), p. 328.
2.4.) = Prof. Giacomo Boni – Direttore degli Scavi di Antichità al Foro Romano e Palatino (1905): “The Public Library of the [Roman] Forum Museum. The Times (London), July 14th, 1905, p. 4.
2.5.) = “This combination of study, research, survey, recording, practical intervention and cultural exchange made up Boni’s [= Prof. Giacomo Boni – the Archaeological Director of the Roman Forum: 1898-1925] all-round knowledge and fair judgment on historic buildings, which he was never afraid of defending, saving many important buildings from demolition. To complete this extensive scientific and methodological rigor Boni had the capacity to cross reference information from different documentary and physical sources (classical sources, previous explorations, paintings, geology) and an incredible intuition that sometimes was not well understood and was taken as arbitrary interpretation. He did not leave his work in the mere discovery phase, but tried to analyze and to interpret the results, making a great contribution in the debate of the time.” (…) “The main criticism to Boni is that he did not publish more on his work (probably due to lack of time but mainly lack of collaborators willing to disseminate his findings). He compensated for this however by publishing a few important writings, like the one he published in 1901 on archaeological investigation methods: Il Metodo (Boni 1901 [republished in 1913]). In this publication, Boni makes clear how he privileges material evidence. This text discusses the stratigraphic archaeological excavation methodology. Boni had applied a similar approach in the Museo Forense [= The Museum and Antiquarium of the Roman Forum: 1900-1907], but instead of ground excavation, the stratigraphic sections have now been done in elevation. This example stressed the importance of conserving in situ not only the remains, but also some sections that show the stratification over the time. This method also enables the appreciation and research of remains that are not well understood at the time, but which may be understood by future generations.”
Dr. Arch. Cristina Gonzalez-Longo, “Giacomo Boni at the Museo Forense: Construction History as a Source for Architectural Innovation,” in: Dunkeld et al. editors, Proc. Second Int. Congress on Construction History. Cambridge, Exeter: Short Run Press, (2006), p. 1341 of pp. 1341–1362.
2.6). ‘…Despite the losses to Rome’s archaeological record, [Rodolfo] Lanciani (1845-1929) was, with Giacomo Boni (1859–1925), one of the most important figures in Roman archaeology in the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries. Lanciani’s studies were concerned primarily with the ancient city’s topography, and the construction in the capital enabled him to further these investigations. It was Giacomo Boni who first practiced diligently in the field the exacting documentation of every aspect of an excavation. Working in the Forum and on the Palatine hill where construction was forbidden, Boni developed a methodology using stratigraphy and documentation of everything in situ. Lanciani and Boni, in addition to their important contributions to archaeological practice, also contributed to museological practice in Rome …’
Patricia Ann Gilson, ‘RITUALS OF A NATION’S IDENTITY: ARCHAEOLOGY AND GENEALOGY IN ANTIQUITIES MUSEUMS OF ROME,’ UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA | Thesis (May 2009), p. 82 & note n. 9, of pp 1-420.
Notes: 2.1. thru 2.6 = ROMA – Prof. Arch. Giacomo Boni, Il Foro Romano (1898-1925) – IL MUSEO DEL FORO ROMANO | Antiquarium Forense di Roma [1898-1911], in: ROME – PROF. GIACOMO BONI (1891-1925), THE ROMAN FORUM: THE ANTIQUARIUM FORENSE – REDISCOVERING AN ANCIENT MUSEUM & RESTORATION OF THE ANTIQUARIUM (2004-15). Foto & Stampa (1 di 2111). [06|2015]. =
*= Below additional notes for: Prof. Arch. Boni (1941-43 thru 1891)
* = Prof. G. Boni (1891-1943):
— Prof. G. Boni (1941-43) = Prof. Giacomo Boni, stampa delle opere: corrispondenza, elenchi, piani dell’opera, relazione e documentazione relativa alla Fondazione Giacomo Boni – 1941-1943 con docc. del 1932-1933. Nota 333 = “La Fondazione Boni fu promossa nel giugno 1927 da Pietro Fedele con lo scopo di pubblicare gli scritti di Giacomo Boni. La pubblicazione fu affidata alla segretaria della fondazione Eva Tea. La Fondazione passò all’accademia con il suo patrimonio nel 1942.”
— Prof. G. Boni (1934) = Prof. Giacomo Boni: The Roman Forum and the Rediscovery and the Restoration Antiquarium Forense (2009-10): “L’ antiquarium del Foro Romano ed i suoi tesori archeologici,” LA STAMPA, (21/01/1934), [PDF], p. 3. = http://wp.me/pPRv6-9U
— Prof. G. Boni (1932) = VENEZIA ARCHEOLOGIA e BENI CULTURALI: Dott.ssa Eva Tea, “ATTAVERSO LE MEMORIE DI GIACOMO BONI – IL CROLLO DELLE CAMPANILE DI SAN MARCO,” LA STAMPA (18|04|1932), p. 8. = http://wp.me/pPRv6-1VR
— Prof. G. Boni (1926) = Dott.ssa Eva Tea, “LA GIOVINEZZA DI GIACOMO BONI,” RIVISTA MENSILE ED ARTISTICA DEL “CORRIERE DELLA SERA,” MILANO, 1 GUIGNO (1926), pp. 401-408. = http://wp.me/pPRv6-1Tv
— Prof. G. Boni (1925) = ROMA ARCHITETTURA, ARCHEOLOGIA e BENI CULTURALI: “Prof. Giacomo Boni [1858-1925],” by Wickham Steed, ‘THE LIVING AGE,’ (Nov. 7, 1925), pp. 303-312. W. Steed, Editor of THE TIME OF LONDON (1919-22), Rome correspondent, THE TIMES OF LONDON (1897-1902). = http://wp.me/pPRv6-27l
— Prof. G. Boni (1922) = ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: PARCO DEI FORI IMPERIALI & VIA DEI MONTI di G. Giovannoni, G. Boni, C. Ricci & V. Morpurgo (1911-13 & 1919|1924), Foto: “Dall’ alto dell Palatino, Giacomo Boni spiega al Presidente Alvear (Argentina) il Foro Romano,” (1922). = http://wp.me/pPRv6-2no
— Prof. G. Boni (1920a) = ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Prof. Giacomo Boni (1920), in: M. Pellegrini & C. Pisu, “Documentari, televisione e creazione di contenuti visivi per i musei,” Associazione Nazionale Piccoli Musei (APM), ITALIA (05|10|2014). = http://wp.me/pPRv6-2sY
— Prof. G. Boni (1920b) = ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Prof. Giacomo Boni, “Movies in Education,” noted archeologist suggest using moving pictures to promote the study of history in the [Italian] schools, THE HAYS FREE PRESS, HAYS, KANSAS; USA (18 MARCH 1920), p. (?). = http://wp.me/pPRv6-2l7
— Prof. Gi. Boni (1920c) Rome – Prof. Giacomo Boni and the Antiquarium Forense: Rediscovering an Ancient Museum (2004-07). COMM. BONI’S EXPLORATIONS – Results of Twenty Years’ Work To Be Published. The Times (London) June 2nd, 1920. p. 5. = https://www.flickr.com/photos/imperial_fora_of_rome/244201537/
— Prof. G. Boni (1901) = Rome, Venus and Roma’s Temple: Prof. Giacomo Boni & Roma’s Cella and Repairs, the Museum of the Roman Forum (1901-07). in: Rome, Venus and Roma’s Temple. (SSBAR / MIBAC (2011). = http://wp.me/pPRv6-jg
— Prof. G. Boni (1899) = ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Prof. Giacomo Boni, “Clearing Up the Roman Forum,” Boston Evening Transcript (17 Jan. 1899), p. 4 = https://www.flickr.com/photos/imperial_fora_of_rome/16272342793/
— Prof. G. Boni (1891) = ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Prof. Giacomo Boni, IL CATASTO DEI MONUMENTI IN ITALIA, Archivo storico dell’ arte, IV (1891), [PDF] pp. 417-424. = http://wp.me/pPRv6-32t