ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Roma, il 17 novembre 2016, riapre al pubblico l’area archeologica del Circo Massimo. LA REPUBBLICA (10|11|2016).

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ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Roma, il 17 novembre 2016, riapre al pubblico l’area archeologica del Circo Massimo. LA REPUBBLICA (10|11|2016).

Il Circo Massimo riapre le porte a cittadini e turisti. Dal 17 novembre, infatti, apre al pubblico l’area archeologica, dopo i lavori di riqualificazione ambientale e di valorizzazione del complesso monumentale. Il sito sarà presentato in anteprima mercoledì prossimo, alla presenza dell’assessore alla Crescita culturale, Luca Bergamo, e del sovrintendente capitolino ai Beni culturali, Claudio Parisi Presicce. La riqualificazione dell’area ha previsto il recupero dei valori archeologici, storici e paesaggistici del monumento e l’ottimizzazione dell’accessibilità e della fruibilità dell’intera area. I lavori, condotti dalla Sovrintendenza con il contributo tecnico di Zetema Progetto Cultura, hanno restituito un nuovo profilo al monumento, ridefinendo la zona scavata, cioè quella relativa all’emiciclo, attraverso operazioni di restauro delle strutture e di riqualificazione generale.

I margini dell’area archeologica, grazie alla collaborazione con l’Ufficio Città Storica, sono stati provvisti di una recinzione semicircolare in corrispondenza dell’emiciclo, seguendo il perimetro della costruzione romana fino all’inizio della spina, ossia della struttura rettilinea che divideva la pista centralmente. E’ stata poi realizzata una terrazza panoramica sul margine meridionale dell’area, mentre sono stati riqualificati gli spazi pubblici adiacenti all’area strettamente archeologica ed è stata sistemata l’area verde esterna. Si è lavorato, infine, sul contenimento del terreno. Nuovi anche gli accessi, i percorsi di visita e i relativi impianti di illuminazione. Per restituire visibilità alle strutture archeologiche e ripristinare il collegamento tra i vari spazi sono stati realizzati due piani inclinati che permettono di superare gradualmente il dislivello oggi presente tra il livello dell’area verde, a cui si può liberamente accedere, e quella del recinto archeologico.

FONTE | SOURCE:

— LA REPUBBLICA (10|11|2016).

http://roma.repubblica.it/cronaca/2016/11/10/news/roma_il_17_novembre_riapre_il_circo_massimo-151684037/

FOTO | FONTE | SOURCE:

— ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Nuovi scavi al Circo Massimo, Anche al Circo Massimo una curva sud svelati i misteri dell’antico stadio. LA REPUBBLICA ed. ROMA (01/02/2011), pg. 53; sig. Alvaro de Alvariis & (17/09/2010) & di sig. Gianni De Dominicis (il fotografo) (17/01/2011) & ROMA CAPITALE: Presentazione del progetto dell’Area Archeologica CentraleComune di Roma (07/12/2010).

Roma Archeologia - Nuovi scavi al Circo Massimo, Anche al Circo Massimo una curva sud svelati i misteri dell'antico stadio. LA REPUBBLICA ed. ROMA (01/02/2011), pg. 53.

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Prof.ssa Clementina Panella (et al.), Crowdfunding Project for Ancient Rome’s Archeological Excavation on the slope of the Palatine Hill and in the Valley of the Colosseum. “LoveItaly!” & the La Sapienza University of Rome (2016).

palatino
ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Prof.ssa Clementina Panella (et al.), Crowdfunding Project for Ancient Rome’s Archeological Excavation on the slope of the Palatine Hill and in the Valley of the Colosseum. “LoveItaly!” & the La Sapienza University of Rome (2016).

Abstract: A passionate team of research assistants and graduate students from La Sapienza University are digging in a magnificent archeological site full of Roman history on the slope of the Palatine Hill and in the Valley of the Colosseum. Lingering in the walls and monuments of this site are the forgotten stories of an ancient society. The research and excavation proposed for this project will use next-generation materials and technology to unlock information, allowing us to see back in time. Identification of more specific historical periods and the significance of materials and structures will be our bridge to a better understanding of Ancient Rome. We want these secrets known not only to our scientific community, but to people all over the world.

The excavation program planned for 2016 stems from investigations already begun under the direction of Professor Clementina Panella from the Sapienza University of Rome and with the help of CISTeC (Research Centre in Science and Technology for the Conservation of Historical-Architectural Heritage, Sapienza University of Rome) under the Direction of Professor Maria Laura Santarelli. The project is located in the Archeological Park of the Roman Forum and Palatine Hill surrounded by the Temple of Venus, the arches of Titus and Constantine, and looking outward toward the Colosseum – dominant in the foreground.

FONTE | SOURCE:

— Copyright © 2016 LoveItaly!

http://crowdfunding.loveitaly.org/projects/21-excavating-in-ancient-rome-valley-of-the-colosseum-and-palatine-hill

s.v.,

— Prof.ssa Clementina Panella Sapienza University of Rome – Italy, Dipartimento di Scienze dell’Antichità, Faculty Member (academia.edu).

https://uniroma1.academia.edu/ClementinaPanella

— Prof.ssa Clementina Panella, Roma-Piazza del Colosseo, area della Meta Sudans; pendici nord-orientali del Palatino. Dipartimento Di Scienze Dell’ Antichita, La Sapienza (2002-2016) [aggiornato 2016].

http://digilab2.let.uniroma1.it/palatino/it

— Dott.ssa Sabina Zeggio, Sovrintendenza di Roma Capitale, Servizio Territorio, Carta dell’Agro e Forma Urbis Romae, Faculty Member (academia.edu).

https://sovraintendenzaroma.academia.edu/SabinaZeggio

— ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: S. ZEGGIO, Le aree studio. L’antico che torna alla luce. Valle del Colosseo, velia, Largo Corrado Ricci, Fori Imperiali, in R. PANELLA (a cura), Roma la città dei Fori. Progetto di sistemazione dell’area archeologica tra Piazza Venezia e il Colosseo, Roma 2013, [ITALIANO & ENGLISH] [pdf] pp. 72-107.

https://www.academia.edu/16502460/S._ZEGGIO_Le_aree_studio._L_antico_che_torna_alla_luce._Valle_del_Colosseo_velia_Largo_Corrado_Ricci_Fori_Imperiali_in_R._PANELLA_a_cura_Roma_la_citt%C3%A0_dei_Fori._Progetto_di_sistemazione_dell_area_archeologica_tra_Piazza_Venezia_e_il_Colosseo_Roma_2013_pp._72-107

— ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Prof.ssa Clementina Panella, Roma-Piazza del Colosseo, area della Meta Sudans; pendici nord-orientali del Palatino. Dipartimento Di Scienze Dell’ Antichita, La Sapienza (2002-2015) [aggiornato 2016]. foto vari & stampa 1 di 383.

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Prof.ssa Clementina Panella (et al.), Crowdfunding Project for Ancient Rome’s Archeological Excavation on the slope of the Palatine Hill and in the Valley of the Colosseum. "LoveItaly!" & the La Sapienza Universit

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: German Crown Prince Wilhelm & Duchess Cecilie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Prof. Giacomo Boni tour the Roman Forum (1911).

gb-crown-prince-will

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: German Crown Prince Wilhelm & Duchess Cecilie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Prof. Giacomo Boni tour the Roman Forum (1911).

FONTE | SOURCE:

— Stock Photo – ITALY, ROME, Wilhelm of Prussia and the Crown Princess in Rome, 1911 | ALAMY (2016).

http://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-wilhelm-of-prussia-and-the-crown-princess-in-rome-1911-48343059.html

s.v.,

— ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Roma, Il presidente americano Wilson in Italia (03/01/1919): Il Foro Romano – visita al Foro romano & nel folto gruppo vi sono ai lati di Wilson & Prof. Giacomo Boni (03/01/1919). Video 20:18; The U.S Department of Defense and the U.S. National Archives (03|2016).

http://wp.me/pPRv6-3Ax

— ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: PARCO DEI FORI IMPERIALI & VIA DEI MONTI di G. Giovannoni, G. Boni, C. Ricci & V. Morpurgo (1911-13 & 1919|1924), Foto: “Dall’ alto dell Palatino, Giacomo Boni spiega al Presidente Alvear (Argentina) il Foro Romano,” (1922).

http://wp.me/pPRv6-2no

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: ARCHEOLOGIA, RINASCIMENTO E RESTAURI – Uccelliere Farnese, lavori in corso sul colle Palatino – Ulteriore tappa per il recupero dell’area degli «Horti» voluti dal Cardinal Alessandro – residenza privata per l’archeo-dominus Giacomo Boni. CORRIERE DELLA SERA (11/05/2016). SS-COL (2016) [ITALIANO | ENGLISH in PDF].

1-veduta-aerea-orti-farnesiani-kcx-u43180611884412pde-1224x916corriere-web-roma

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: ARCHEOLOGIA, RINASCIMENTO E RESTAURI – Uccelliere Farnese, lavori in corso sul colle Palatino – Ulteriore tappa per il recupero dell’area degli «Horti» voluti dal Cardinal Alessandro – residenza privata per l’archeo-dominus Giacomo Boni. CORRIERE DELLA SERA (11/05/2016). SS-COL (2016) [ITALIANO | ENGLISH in PDF].

Ogni tanto se ne torna a parlare. Delle Uccelliere Farnese sul Palatino, affacciate sulla Valle dei Fori, una (ex) meraviglia dove ai tempi della dinastia svolazzavano specie rare ed esotiche sotto grandi reti a pagoda (che dovrebbero essere ripristinate in maniera quanto più filologica possibile). Uccelliere Farnese: non è ancora chiaro cosa diventeranno in futuro («forse un caffè letterario, dove però l’aggettivo letterario prevarrà sul caffè», dicono in soprintendenza). Ma, si è spiegato nel pomeriggio di martedì 10 maggio, stavolta i lavori di restauro (in corso da tempo in tutta l’area) finiranno, davvero. Con i soldi (e si sapeva), del World Monuments Fund, organizzazione no-profit privata composta da bravi mecenati col pallino di conservare e tutelare edifici storici e siti di rilevanza culturale mondiale (500 mila euro), insieme con American Express, e con fondi della Soprintendenza archeologica di Stato (un milione già stanziato, per finire tutto ne serviranno altri due).

Nelle intenzioni, un ampio piano di recupero – Se ne parla da anni, delle Uccelliere Fanese e di un più generale piano di recupero di tante aree della straordinaria «acropoli» di Roma con la sua storia millenaria: storia archeologica, sì, ma anche medievale e d’età moderno-barocca. Più di qualcosa è stato fatto. Molto resta da fare. «Attualmente è stato portato a termine un primo intervento di restauro delle Uccelliere – è stato ancora detto martedì – ma circoscritto ai più impellenti fattori di degrado e ai fronti verso il Foro. In conseguenza della prolungata mancanza di manutenzione, le superfici architettoniche delle Uccelliere mostrano un diffuso stato di degrado, caratterizzato dalla disgregazione degli stucchi, da erosione, perdite, crescita di microrganismi e di una vegetazione invasiva. Di fatto, il sito è caratterizzato da un’estensione limitata, priva delle complessità di altre parti del complesso farnesiano, strutturalmente associate con la Domus Tiberiana. Questa peculiarità lo rende un oggetto ideale per un intervento completo, separato dal contesto, che può dimostrare il potenziale insito nella conservazione e nel miglioramento di questo esempio unico di giardino rinascimentale».

boni-cds

Esempio unico, vero. Anche, purtroppo, per il prolungato stato di abbandono (compito del Wmf è proprio quello di richiamare attenzione internazionale sui siti in pericolo del patrimonio culturale mondiale): non solo le Uccelliere (che a inizio secolo furono trasformate in residenza privata per l’archeo-dominus Giacomo Boni), ma anche il (derelitto) Ninfeo della Pioggia, le terrazze, le rampe… I tempi per una riapertura al pubblico dell’intero complesso, e per il completamento restauri, non sono ancora stati ipotizzati. Chi vivrà, vedrà. Ma è certo che il recupero di quella che fu una delle grandi meraviglie del mondo – i lussureggianti Horti Farnesiani, sorti sulle rovine del Palatino a metà del Cinquecento per volontà del Gran Cardinale, Alessandro, eletto a 14 anni, figlio di un figlio di un papa, Paolo III! – merita ogni sforzo.Tempi per il completamento non ancora ipotizzati. servono 2 milioni

FONTE | SOURCE:

— CORRIERE DELLA SERA (11/05/2016).

http://roma.corriere.it/notizie/cultura_e_spettacoli/16_maggio_10/uccelliere-farnese-lavori-corso-colle-palatino-380ae2f0-16d2-11e6-a3a2-ca09c5452a5d.shtml

— ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Uccelliere Farnese lavori e progetti | work and projects 2012 – 2016, SS-COL | MIBACT (2016), in PDF.

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Uccelliere Farnese lavori e progetti | work and projects 2012 – 2016, SS-COL | MIBACT (2016), in PDF.

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Dr. Maria Barosso, “FORUM OF TRAJAN ROME, GREAT HEMICYCLE (ca. 1923-24?),” in: George C. Mars (ed.), Prof. Arch. Gustavo Giovannoni (Preface), BRICKWORK IN ITALY, CHICAGO: AMERICAN BRICK FACE ASSO. (1925), preceeding cover page.

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ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Dr. Maria Barosso, “FORUM OF TRAJAN ROME, GREAT HEMICYCLE (ca. 1923-24?),” in: George C. Mars (ed.), Prof. Arch. Gustavo Giovannoni (Preface), BRICKWORK IN ITALY, CHICAGO: AMERICAN BRICK FACE ASSO. (1925), preceeding cover page.

FONTE | SOURCE:

— Dr. Maria Barosso, “FORUM OF TRAJAN ROME, GREAT HEMICYCLE (ca. 1923-24?),” in: Georege C. Mars (ed.), Prof. Arch. Gustavo Giovannoni (Preface), BRICKWORK IN ITALY, CHICAGO: AMERICAN BRICK FACE ASSO. (1925), preceeding cover page.

s.v.,

— Dr. Maria Barosso, “FORUM OF TRAJAN ROME, GREAT HEMICYCLE (ca. 1923-24?)”, = Roma, 1907 2005 Mercati Trajani taberna e nicchia a di Mario Barosso (da G. Boni 1907), in: Alvaro de Alvariis, Roma ieri, Roma oggi, (05/07/2009).
https://www.flickr.com/photos/dealvariis/7508307046/

— Dr. Eizabeth de Grummond, “Maria Barosso, Francis Kelsey, and the Modern Representation of an Ancient Masterpiece,” 129-137, in: E. K. Gazada (ed.), the Villa of the Mysteries in Pompeii, Ann Arbor: Kelsey Museum of Archaeology & the Univervisty of Michigan Museum of Art (2000).

https://www.academia.edu/2044173/Maria_Barosso_Francis_Kelsey_and_the_Modern_Representation_of_an_Ancient_Masterpiece

— ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Roma – Colonne di Antico granito e Marma Africano (…) presso templi repubblicana, di Dott.ssa Maria Barosso (1930-32), in: Via del Mare, oggi Via del Teatro di Marcello. FONTE: M. Barosso (1930-32) | Comm. di Roma (2015).

http://wp.me/pPRv6-3dv

— ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Maria Barosso, disegnatrice archeologa, collaborando Giacomo Boni (1898-1914), in: ‘VIA DELL’ IMPERO – nascita di una strada (1929-35),’ Roma Capitale | musei in Comune (2014).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e  RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Maria Barosso, disegnatrice archeologa, collaborando Giacomo Boni (1898-1914), in: 'VIA DELL' IMPERO - nascita di una strada (1929-35),' Roma Capitale | musei in Comune (2014).

— ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA – SEPOLCRO DEGLI SCIPIONI: – IL FABBRICATO DI ETA` IMPERIALI – ITALO GISMONDI E MARIA BAROSSO. Foto di Gianni Alemanno (15/12/2011).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA - SEPOLCRO DEGLI SCIPIONI:  - IL FABBRICATO DI ETA` IMPERIALI - ITALO GISMONDI E MARIA BAROSSO.  Foto di Gianni Alemanno (15/12/2011).

— ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Rome, Pz. Venezia / Pz. Madonna di Loreto: Metro ‘C’ Archaeological Surveys Area S14/B1 (2006-2010). Plan: Arch. Maria Barosso (1932), Botteghe romane sotto di Pz. Venezia (scala 1:1000). in.: Valnea Santa Maria Scrinari, La Consistenza Archeologica del Sito [formerly the Palazzo Torlonia, currently the Assicurazioni Generali di Palazzo Venezia], pp. 17-44, [in] A.A.V.V, Il palazzo delle Generali a piazza Venezia (Roma, 1993).

Rome, Pz. Venezia / Pz. Madonna di Loreto: Metro 'C' Archaeological Surveys Area S14/B1 (2006-2010). Plan: Arch. Maria Barosso (1932), Botteghe romane sotto di Pz. Venezia (scala 1:1000).

— ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e BENI CULTURALI: Il Museo Del Foro Romano – Dott. Arch. Maria Barosso, Tempio di Venere e Roma, acquerello, (01|1935), in: STORIA DELL’EDIFICIO | SSBAR (2013-14).

http://wp.me/pPRv6-20S

— Bianca Maria Margarucci Italiani, “Maria Barosso: Archeologa e pittrice di Roma,” In Donne di ieri a Roma e nel Lazio, Lunario Romano 7. Rome (1978), 315-347.

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Elezioni Usa, sindaca di Roma, Virginia Raggi – “Inviteremo Trump in Campidoglio”. LA REPUBBLICA (09/11/2016). FOTO: Roma Aeterna (Archéologie et Histoire) | FACEBOOK (09/11/2016).

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ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Elezioni Usa, sindaca di Roma, Virginia Raggi – “Inviteremo Trump in Campidoglio”. LA REPUBBLICA (09/11/2016). FOTO: Roma Aeterna (Archéologie et Histoire) | FACEBOOK (09/11/2016).

La sindaca di Roma ha commentato l’elezione del magnate americano alla presidenza degli Stati Uniti: “Gli auguriamo buon lavoro”. La preoccupazione della deputata del pd: “Una tragedia. Non poteca esserci una notizia più brutta”

L’elezione del presidente degli Stati Uniti d’America tocca anche la scena politica della capitale. “La vittoria di Donald Trump? Lo incontreremo quando deciderà di venire, lo inviteremo comunque in Campidoglio”. Questo il commento della sindaca di Roma, Virginia Raggi, che è stata interpellata questa mattina a margine di una cerimonia all’Aranciera di San Sisto. La prima cittadina della capitale ha preferito non dilungarsi su commenti strettamenti politici. E così, a chi le ha chiesto cosa rappresentasse la vittoria del magnate americano, la sindaca si è limitata a un sintetica dichiarazione: “Vedremo. Gli auguriamo buon lavoro”.

FONTE | SOURCE:

— LA REPUBBLICA (09/11/2016).
http://roma.repubblica.it/cronaca/2016/11/09/news/raggi_inviteremo_trump_in_campidoglio_-151665677/

FOTO | FONTE | SOURCE:

— “Humour : Quel immonde montage ! La #TeamRomains est indignée… Merci Lucius Gellius pour la photo,” in: Roma Aeterna (Archéologie et Histoire) | FACEBOOK (09/11/2016). https://www.facebook.com/RomaAeterna753/

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Roma, Il presidente americano Wilson in Italia (03/01/1919): Il Foro Romano – visita al Foro romano & nel folto gruppo vi sono ai lati di Wilson & Prof. Giacomo Boni (03/01/1919). Video 20:18; The U.S Department of Defense and the U.S. National Archives (03|2016).

bw-1919

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Roma, Il presidente americano Wilson in Italia (03/01/1919): Il Foro Romano – visita al Foro romano & nel folto gruppo vi sono ai lati di Wilson & Prof. Giacomo Boni (03/01/1919). Video 20:18; The U.S Department of Defense and the U.S. National Archives (03|2016).

Fonte| Source:

— USA| ITALY “WW1: The Visit of President Woodrow Wilson to Italy (Jan. 3, 1919),” The U.S Department of Defense and the U.S. National Archives (03|2016).
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2OKTYp_9SNw

s.v.,

— ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Prof. Giacomo Boni (1920), in: M. Pellegrini & C. Pisu, “Documentari, televisione e creazione di contenuti visivi per i musei,” Associazione Nazionale Piccoli Musei (APM), ITALIA (05|10|2014). = “Prof. Giacomo Boni, precursore dell’ utilizzo dell cinema per la promozione della cultura del 18 marzo 1920.”
http://wp.me/pPRv6-2sY

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Roma Citta` Aperta – Rome Metro C to Corviale ‘feasible’ says M5S caucus leader – “We have to think it over” says Ferrara, LA GAZZETTA Del MEZZOGIORNO, 08 November (2016).

29946745203_c6ea3c8c39_o

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Roma Citta` Aperta – Rome Metro C to Corviale ‘feasible’ says M5S caucus leader’ – “We have to think it over’ says Ferrara,” LA GAZZETTA Del MEZZOGIORNO, 08 November (2016).

1). Rome, November 8 – Extending Rome’s Metro C line to Corviale is “feasible”, the city council caucus leader for Mayor Virginia Raggi’s anti-establishment 5-Star Movement (M5S) said Tuesday. The proposal was made by city cabinet member for urban planning, Paolo Berdini. Paolo Ferrara said the proposal would be “debated”. “We have to think it over,” he said. The Raggi administration announced last Thursday it would scrap city-owned company Roma Metropolitane – which is tasked with planning new parts of the Rome metro including the C line – on the grounds that the company “has not done its job”. This caused doubts as to how construction would continue on C line extensions that have been in the works for years. On Friday, Raggi denied reports that her executive planned to stop work to extend the C line to the Colosseum as planned. “I’m here to reassure everyone that the M5S intends to continue the activity to construct the C line to the Colosseum,” Raggi told the Rome city assembly. “Then we’ll think about going beyond the Colosseum”.

Fonte | Source:

LA GAZZETTA Del MEZZOGIORNO, 08 November (2016).

http://www.lagazzettadelmezzogiorno.it/news/english/823859/rome-metro-c-to-corviale-feasible-says-m5s-caucus-leader.html

2). Rome metro row raises new fears for Colosseum, THE GULF TIMES, 09 November (2016).

A row over the future of Rome’s metro is threatening to delay urgent work to stabilise the Colosseum, adding to fears for the ancient amphitheatre after Italy’s recent earthquakes caused troubling cracks in its exterior walls.

The 2,000-year-old, partly-ruined structure was allocated four million euros in 2014 to carry out reinforcements deemed necessary to offset the impact of tunneling for a new underground train line which will pass close by.

But the money was never released and guardians of the city’s architectural heritage now fear it never will be after new mayor Virginia Raggi announced she plans to dissolve the underground company, Roma Metropolitana.

‘By liquidating Roma Metropolitana, the mayor has left us without anyone to deal with regarding the financing needed for the urgent strengthening of the Colosseum,’ a spokesman for the superintendent of the city’s archaelogical treasures told AFP.

The superintendent himself, Francesco Prosperetti, has warned that he will seek to block any further work on the still-unfinished metro extension if the funds are not released.

‘The Colosseum cannot wait any longer,’ Prosperetti told Italian media.

‘As a citizen I would not like to delay the metro but as the defender of this monument I may not have any choice.’

Raggi has said work on the metro project will continue with new management progressively replacing Roma Metropolitana, an organisation she has accused of overseeing the ‘shameful squandering of public funds.’

The new line is supposed to run from the city centre to the eastern suburbs.

Most of it opened last year but the final section, which will bring it into the Colosseum area and connect with the capital’s two other metro lines, remains unfinished.

Started in 2007 with a budget of 2.2 billion euros ($2.4 billion), the work is now forecast to cost at least 3.7 billion and Raggi has put plans for a northern extension of the line on indefinite hold.

Earthquakes in central Italy on August 24, October 26 and October 30 were powerful enough in Rome to result in a number of new cracks appearing in the Colosseum’s exterior walls.

But Italy’s top tourist attraction has remained open to the public.

The landmark site has survived dozens of earthquakes over the centuries although it was a tremor that led to the collapse of its southern wall in 1703.

Prosperetti said work was most urgently required on interior walls in the top section of the structure, which is not open to the public.

The exterior of the Colosseum has recently been given a facelift thanks to a three-year clean-up financed by the upmarket fashion and footwear company Tod’s.

Fonte | source:

THE GULF TIMES, 09 November (2016).

http://www.gulf-times.com/story/520541/Rome-metro-row-raises-new-fears-for-Colosseum

Foto | Fonte | source:

“ROMA CITTA’ APERTA Raggi e il sospetto sui frigoriferi abbandonati.” Edoardo Baraldi | FLICKR (26 October 2016).

https://www.flickr.com/photos/edoardobaraldi/29946745203/

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Andrea Carandini (et al.), The Atlas of Ancient Rome: Biography and Portraits of the City, VOL. I-II, Princeton, Princeton University Press (2017), pp. 1-1280. [PREVIEW IN PDF, pp. 1-19]; s.v., T. P. Wiseman & J. E. Packer (2013).

carandini-slipcase

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Andrea Carandini (et al.), The Atlas of Ancient Rome: Biography and Portraits of the City, VOL. I-II, Princeton, Princeton University Press (2017), pp. 1-1280. [PREVIEW IN PDF, pp. 1-19]; s.v., T. P. Wiseman & J. E. Packer (2013).

The Atlas of Ancient Rome provides a comprehensive archaeological survey of the city of Rome from prehistory to the early medieval period. Lavishly illustrated throughout with full-color maps, drawings, photos, and 3D reconstructions, this magnificent two-volume slipcased edition features the latest discoveries and scholarship, with new descriptions of more than 500 monuments, including the Sanctuary of Vesta, the domus Augusti, and the Mausoleum of Augustus. It is destined to become the standard reference for scholars, students, and anyone interested in the history of the city of Rome.

The Atlas of Ancient Rome is monumental in scope. It examines the city’s topography and political-administrative divisions, trade and economic production, and social landscape and infrastructure—from residential neighborhoods and gardens to walls, roads, aqueducts, and sewers. It describes the fourteen regions of Rome and the urban history of each in unprecedented detail, and includes profiles and reconstructions of major monuments and works of art. This is the only atlas of the ancient city to incorporate the most current archaeological findings and use the latest mapping technologies.

Authoritative and easy to use, The Atlas of Ancient Rome is the definitive illustrated reference book on Rome from its origins to the sixth century AD.

– Fully updated from the Italian edition to include the latest discoveries and scholarship
– Features a wealth of maps, illustrations, and 3D reconstructions
– Covers Rome’s topography, economy, urban infrastructure, and more
– Includes profiles of major monuments and works of art
– Draws on the latest archaeological findings and mapping technologies
– A decade in the making by a team of leading experts

FONTE | SOURCE:

— Andrea Carandini (et al.) | Princeton, Princeton University Press (2017).

http://press.princeton.edu/titles/10849.html

— Andrea Carandini (et al.) | Princeton, Princeton University Press (2017). [PREVIEW IN PDF, pp. 1-19]. =

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Andrea Carandini (et al.) | Princeton, Princeton University Press (2017). [PREVIEW IN PDF, pp. 1-19].

carandini-atlas-2016


_________________________________________________________________

s.v.,

— ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: PROF. ANDREA CARANDINI, “IMAGO URBIS – Lazio , Roma e Suburbio,” LA SAPIENZA UNIVERSITA` DI ROMA | Arcus S.p.a | SSBAR (2015). Review of “ATLANTE DI ROMA ANTICA, Vol. I & II (2013), by: T. P. Wiseman & J. E. Packer (2013). http://wp.me/pPRv6-2NG

— ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: “SISTEMA INFORMATIVO ARCHEOLOGICO DI ROMA ANTICA,” di A. Carandini, La Sapienza, Roma (2014); “Atlante di Roma Antica” (2012), Vol. II – Tavv. varii in PDF | JPEG; Notizie & Bibliografia SITAR & ‘Atlante Roma’ (2005-14). http://wp.me/pPRv6-2fR

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: C. Häuber, “Digitale Topographie der Stadt Rom” (2012); A. Carandini & P. Carafa, “Atlante di Roma Antica” (2012); SITAR: Sistema informativo Territoriale Archeologico Roma (2011-12); A. Carandini – Progetto: “Imago Urbis” (2008-15).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA - SITAR: Sistema informativo Territoriale Archeologico Roma (a cura di M. Serlorenzi [SSBAR]). Il giornata di studio (09/11/2011); & A. Carandini - Progetto: 'Imago Urbis, il “cervello archeologico”, (31.01.2009) & (27.10.2008).

— ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: G. Sparano, R. Sciascia, & M. Morino, “VALORIZZAZIONE DELL’AREA ARCHEOLOGICA DELL’ATENEO DI ADRIANO NEL CONTESTO DELLA STAZIONE DELLA METRO C DI PIAZZA VENEZIA,” Roma, La Sapienza [6 tavv. 1-22] (22|10|2013).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: G. Sparano, R. Sciascia, & M. Morino, "VALORIZZAZIONE DELL'AREA ARCHEOLOGICA DELL'ATENEO DI ADRIANO NEL CONTESTO DELLA STAZIONE DELLA METRO C DI PIAZZA VENEZIA," Roma, La Sapienza [6 tavv. 1-22] (22|10|2013).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Dr. Fabio Berti, Mausoleo di Augusto. Demolizioni e scavi. Fotografie 1928/1941, Milano: Electa (2011), pp. 1-164 [in PDF].

2

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Dr. Fabio Berti, Mausoleo di Augusto. Demolizioni e scavi. Fotografie 1928/1941, Milano: Electa (2011), pp. 1-164 [in PDF].

FONTE | SOURCE:

— Dr. Fabio Berti, academia.edu

https://uniroma1.academia.edu/FabioBetti

Mausoleo di Augusto. Demolizioni e scavi. Fotografie 1928/1941, Milano 2011 di [PDF]

https://www.academia.edu/23936023/Mausoleo_di_Augusto._Demolizioni_e_scavi._Fotografie_1928_1941_Milano_2011

s.v.,

— ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Mausoleo di Augusto. Demolizioni e scavi (1928-1941) & Progetto ARA PACIS – Architetto Richard Meier (2008-12). Foto & stampa.

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA: Dott.ssa Paola Virgili, Ecco la magica via di luce cosi` Augusto in 13 minuti si trasformava in un dio - Scoperto il sentiero sacro dal Pantheon al suo mausoleo. La Repubblica (11/06/2012), p. 23.

— ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA, RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA e BENI CULTURALI: “Roma e` nel suo splendore! Straniero, riempiti gli occhi,” di Properzio.” – Ara Pacis, per Augusto l’incanto dei colori. LA REPUBBLICA (19-20|08|2014). Foto & stampa.

ROMA RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: "Roma e` nel suo splendore! Straniero, riempiti gli occhi," di Properzio. Roma -  "Ieri sera, in occasione della illuminazione dell'ara pacis (bimillenario della morte di Augusto). Foto: Gianni De Dominicis, Roma (19|08|2014).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Il Foro o Tempio della Pace – Scavi & Forma Urbis Romae, in: “Roma 3 Scava” – Archeologia Urbana e di Archeologia Medievale dell’Università di Roma Tre | FACEBOOK (09|2016).

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ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Il Foro o Tempio della Pace – Scavi & Forma Urbis Romae, in:”Roma 3 Scava” – Archeologia Urbana e di Archeologia Medievale dell’Università di Roma Tre | FACEBOOK (09|2016).

— Roma, Il Foro o Tempio della Pace (29|09|2016): ” La scorsa settimana i ragazzi di Area 5 hanno avuto molto da fare: proseguendo lo scavo del vicus ad Carinas si sono imbattuti in una fossa che ha regalato parecchie soddisfazioni. Nel periodo compreso tra l’XI ed il XIII secolo d.C. il tracciato del vicus è stato utilizzato come area di sepoltura, legata alla Chiesa di Ss. Cosma e Damiano. Già gli scavi degli anni 2000 avevano riportato in luce delle tombe, e in questi giorni gli studenti hanno avuto la fortuna di scavarne una rimasta intatta. La fossa è stata utilizzata per seppellire almeno quattro individui in periodi di tempo differenti. I quattro scheletri sono stati ritrovati in ottimo stato di conservazione e sono stati scavati con l’aiuto di Andrea, antropologo che collabora con la Soprintendenza. Nelle foto, vediamo gli studenti alle prese con lo scheletro di un giovane uomo. #roma3scava (Con la collaborazione di Lorenzo Curatella.)”

FONTE | SOURCE:

— “Roma 3 Scava” – Archeologia Urbana e di Archeologia Medievale dell’Università di Roma Tre | FACEBOOK (2016).
https://www.facebook.com/Roma-3-Scava-730383500366757/

s.v.,

— ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: 4.3). Il Foro o Tempio della Pace – Scavi (1998-2014 [Zona A]) | The Forum and Temple of Peace – excavations (1998-2016 [Area A]).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA:  Il Foro o Tempio della Pace - Scavi (2014) | Foto: Archeologia Urbana e di Archeologia Medievale dell'Università di Roma Tre | "Roma 3 Scavi" FACEBOOK (08|2014).

FIRENZE ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Firenze, Mc Donalds in piazza Duomo Nardella: contrario all’apertura Su Facebook la pagina del no fa boom. L’apertura del fast food in piazza Duomo ha fatto scoppiare lunedì la polemica politica, con le opposizioni in consiglio comunale all’attacco: «E che fine fa il regolamento dell’Unesco?» CORRIERE FIORENTINO (22/06/2016).

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FIRENZE ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Firenze, Mc Donalds in piazza Duomo Nardella: contrario all’apertura Su Facebook la pagina del no fa boom. L’apertura del fast food in piazza Duomo ha fatto scoppiare lunedì la polemica politica, con le opposizioni in consiglio comunale all’attacco: «E che fine fa il regolamento dell’Unesco?» CORRIERE FIORENTINO (22/06/2016).

FIRENZE – «NO al Mc Donald’s in piazza del Duomo a Firenze»: questo il nome della pagina Facebook realizzata per contrastare la ventilata apertura del colosso dei fast-food nella celebre piazza, che a poche ore dalla sua attivazione veleggia oltre i 4.0000 mi piace. Come immagine lo spazio ha una foto della cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore sormontata dal logo giallo e rosso di Mc Donald’s, il tutto barrato da una X.

Il sindaco su facebook: contrario all’apertura, ma armi spuntate – Il sindaco Dario Nardella: «Tanto per fare chiarezza. Io sono contrario all’apertura di un Mc Donald’s in piazza del Duomo. Non è coerente con la nostra battaglia che da anni conduciamo contro fast food e mini market per la tutela della tradizione e dell’identità della città. I sindaci hanno da alcuni anni le armi spuntate a causa delle leggi sulle liberalizzazioni che rendono molto facili le aperture di nuovi esercizi commerciali. Ciò nonostante faremo tutto quello che possiamo per evitare questa apertura».

L’attacco del consigliere Grassi – L’apertura di McDonald’s in piazza Duomo ha fatto scoppiare lunedì la polemica politica, con le opposizioni in consiglio comunale all’attacco. «Ci siamo sentiti dire più di un anno fa che non sarebbe mai accaduto. Che mai e poi mai ci sarebbe stata un’apertura di McDonald’s al Duomo. E invece? La giunta Nardella sta per farlo. Con quali deroghe e motivazioni?». Così Tommaso Grassi, capogruppo di Firenze riparte a Sinistra. E dopo la comunicazione dell’assessore Bettarini in Consiglio comunale, Grassi attacca: «State solo nascondendo la verità. Vi siete rimangiati la parola data alla città. Le motivazioni che state portando non sono credibili». «Dovevamo riprenderci il nostro centro storico – conclude il capogruppo – e se questo è il modo in cui lo facciamo non siamo d’accordo. L’identità e i tratti caratteristici di Firenze dove è che sono tutelati? Tanto clamore per l’approvazione del regolamento Unesco e poi si straccia alla prima proposta».

L’assessore Bettarini – Bettarini ha spiegato a ControRadio che ci sono trattative in corso tra la società e il Comune: «Dobbiamo valutare il tipo di offerta commerciale e la rispondenza alle regolamentazioni – ha detto l’assessore, aggiungendo che – McDonald’s ha presentato domanda di deroga» rispetto al nuovo regolamento a tutela del tessuto commerciale del centro storico, nella parte in cui prevede l’obbligo di utilizzo di una notevole percentuale di prodotti di filiera corta e del territorio. McDonald’s, ha aggiunto Bettarini, ha «presentato anche una serie di specifiche del progetto che intende effettuare in piazza del Duomo: lo spazio non avrà caratteristiche da fast food ma sarà un ristorante con servizio al tavolo e ci saranno spazi culturali, come una libreria e servizi di informazione per il cittadino. Elementi che riteniamo validi ad elevare l’offerta per la cittadinanza». In merito alla questione dell’insegna, considerata la delicatezza dell’area su cui il McDonald’s potrebbe affacciarsi «sarà valutata con grande attenzione insieme alla Sovrintendenza». «Il fatto che una grande catena multinazionale come McDonald’s abbia ritenuto di offrire un modello particolare di ristorazione per la città di Firenze grazie al nostro regolamento – ha proseguito Bettarini – è un grande successo per questa amministrazione. E il tema delle insegne riguarda invece la normativa di carattere edilizio, non il regolamento Unesco, grazie al quale siamo oggi nella posizione di poter discutere con una grande multinazionale le condizioni per aprire a Firenze».

FONTE | SOURCE:

— CORRIERE FIORENTINO (22/06/2016).

http://corrierefiorentino.corriere.it/firenze/notizie/cronaca/16_giugno_22/firenze-pagina-no-mc-donald-s-piazza-duomo-fa-pieno-like-43d2a27c-3864-11e6-9f7c-a75bbe6c341e.shtml?cmpid=SF020103COR

s.v.,

FIRENZE ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: “NOT LOVIN IT’ – Unhappy Meal: McDonald’s Battles to Bring Golden Arches to Heart of Florence Fast-food giant launches $20-million lawsuit after Italian city says no to plans for outlet near famed cathedral, THE WALL STEET JOURNAL, 04 November (2016). http://wp.me/pPRv6-3zy

FIRENZE ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: “NOT LOVIN IT’ – Unhappy Meal: McDonald’s Battles to Bring Golden Arches to Heart of Florence Fast-food giant launches $20-million lawsuit after Italian city says no to plans for outlet near famed cathedral, THE WALL STEET JOURNAL, 04 November (2016).

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FIRENZE ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: “NOT LOVIN IT’ – Unhappy Meal: McDonald’s Battles to Bring Golden Arches to Heart of Florence Fast-food giant launches $20-million lawsuit after Italian city says no to plans for outlet near famed cathedral, THE WALL STEET JOURNAL, 04 November (2016).

ROME—A fast-food fight has broken out in the shadow of Florence’s magnificent, centuries-old Duomo.

The bitter battle is pitting McDonald’s Corp. against Florence’s city fathers, who—in the name of a beautification campaign—are trying to keep the fast-food giant from opening a new restaurant a stone’s throw from Brunelleschi’s soaring dome.

The war has its roots in new licensing rules that Florence’s city hall passed in January with the aim of beating back the proliferation of mini-markets, kebab shops and convenience stores that serve throngs of flip-flop clad tourists in the city of Dante and Michelangelo.

The new rules favor food outlets serving up Tuscan fare, but subject all others to an exacting scorecard to determine whether they make the grade to grace Florence’s historic center.

When news broke in the spring that McDonald’s, which has long struggled to win Italians over to Big Macs and gigantic milk shakes, was seeking permission to open its 10th restaurant in Florence alongside the Duomo, a local insurgency ensued. More than 24,000 people signed an online petition in protest. Some launched an event dubbed Lampredotto Pride—named after a Florentine specialty made from cow’s stomach—and marched into the city center brandishing local products and dishes.

fat-good-or-bad-registrartraining2012-12-728

“Florentines have been pushed out of the historic center, which is already crammed with stores offering shoddy, and often expensive, food,” said Gilberto Bertini, who headed the protest.

Eager to lure some of the roughly three million tourists visiting the Duomo each year, McDonald’s was willing to rewrite its own rule book to win over the city.

Wait staff would serve customers at tables, thus eliminating takeaway orders to deflect the city’s fears of hordes of picnicking tourists. The Americans also promised to source 80% of ingredients locally, including 100 tons of Tuscany’s prided Chianina beef for burgers.

But city officials were nonetheless merciless in grading the newfangled McDonald’s, granting failing grades to the project on originality and locally sourced products. McDonald’s even put forth a proposal for a completely new store design that retained only its golden arches: the idea earned a 5.4 out of 10.

Last month, McDonald’s struck back, filing an €18-million ($19.8-million) lawsuit against the city that branded the official response as “a manifest injustice.” A profanity that the mayor of Florence used publicly to describe McDonald’s earlier this year betrayed “a belligerent contrariety,” the suit says.

“We completely agree that the cultural and artistic heritage and the Italian historical town centers have to be protected,” McDonald’s said in a statement. “But we cannot accept discriminatory regulations that damage the freedom of private initiative without helping anyone.”

The city, which has beaten back other challenges to its new rules, remains unmoved. “It’s a not a blanket rejection of McDonald’s,” says Giovanni Bettarini, Florence’s deputy head of tourism and economic development. “It’s just a rejection of that specific project.”

The battle in Florence reflects tensions elsewhere in Italy, where local authorities are struggling to defend centuries-old town centers from hordes of tourists. In its complaint in Florence, McDonald’s in turn threatens other suits should other towns pass similar local identity regulations.

Indeed, residents in Rome are now challenging the opening of a 6,000-square-foot McDonald’s just outside St. Peter’s Square on the grounds that it violates local rules aimed at protecting Rome’s mom-and-pop trattorie and restaurants.

Locals, including cardinals, view the new McDonald’s as further degradation of the Eternal City, which saw tourist numbers rise by a third to almost 14 million between 2010 and 2015.

“The problem is not McDonald’s per se,” said Moreno Prosperi, who is leading the protest by Roman residents. “The area is already saturated with fast-food outlets, cheap souvenir shops and convenience stores.” Elsewhere in Rome, residents around Piazza Navona are still seething over McDonald’s’ opening of a new outlet there few weeks ago.

IL TEMPO & CORRIERE DELLA SERA & ARTRIBUNE  (29-30|04|2015).

Rome city officials say the vagueness of existing rules gives them no grounds to deny the authorization, but they are considering an overhaul of the regulations aimed at preserving traditional businesses in historic areas.

Italy has long been a challenging market for McDonald’s. When it opened one of its first Italian restaurants in Rome’s Piazza di Spagna in 1986, demonstrators bearing plates of spaghetti protested. The event helped prod Carlo Petrini to launch his Slow Food movement that year. Today, McDonald’s has 540 restaurants in Italy with about €1 billion in revenue. But that is just 2% of Italy’s casual dining market.

In food-savvy France, by comparison, the American chain has also sparked protests over the years—most infamously in 1999, when a group of farmers sacked a McDonald’s under construction in the country’s southwest. But its similar moves to adapt to the French market, such as using homegrown products and selling “McBaguettes” and macarons, have found more success: More than 1,300 McDonald’s outlets operate in France, although its population of nearly 67 million people is only 10% larger than Italy’s 60.7 million.

Some in Italy say the anti-McDonald’s campaign is misguided. Massimiliano Tonelli, content manager of the Gambero Rosso, an Italian bible on quality food and wine, said the proliferation of gelato parlors and Italian-owned eateries serving mediocre Italian fare is a far greater threat to the country’s culinary heritage.

“When tourists eat fake or shoddy Italian food, the harm to our cuisine’s image is huge,” Tonelli said. “If those tourists had eaten at a fast-food restaurant, there would have been no such harm.”

FONTE | SOURCE:

— THE WALL STEET JOURNAL, 04 November (2016).
http://www.wsj.com/articles/unhappy-meal-mcdonalds-battles-to-bring-golden-arches-to-heart-of-florence-1478246408

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Dr. Anna M. Liberati, “La Rappresentazione di Roma Antica nel plastico di [Prof. Arch. Italo] Gismondi del Museo della Civilita`Roma a Roma.” Cahiers de la MRSH-Caen, No. 33 (06|2003), 243-253; (s.v., Alvaro de Alvariis [2012]; James E. Packer [2008 & 1979 = Pierino Di Carlo 1935] & Donatella Cialoni [2011]).

ig-pdc-forma-urbis-2

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Dr. Anna M. Liberati, “La Rappresentazione di Roma Antica nel plastico di [Prof. Arch. Italo] Gismondi del Museo della Civilita`Roma a Roma.” Cahiers de la MRSH-Caen, No. 33 (06|2003), 243-253; (s.v., Alvaro de Alvariis [2012]; James E. Packer [2008 & 1979 = Pierino Di Carlo 1935] & Donatella Cialoni [2011]).

— Dr. Anna M. Liberati, “La Rappresentazione di Roma Antica nel plastico di [Prof. Arch. Italo] Gismondi del Museo della Civilita`Roma a Roma.” Cahiers de la MRSH-Caen, No. 33 (06|2003), 243-253.

FIG. 2, 3 & 4 = ROMA – “Artigiani formatori intenti alla preparazione di modelli in gesso di monumenti antichi per il plastico di Gismondi, anno 1935.”

FIG. 5 = ROMA – “Alcune delle Matrici originali adoperate all’ epoca della preparazione del plastico, eseguite sulla base dei designi di Gismondi.”

FIG. 7 = ROMA – “Il modelallatore P. Di Carlo, esecutore materiale del plastico di ismondi, durante alcune fasi di lavorazione dell’ opera, anno 1936.

FIG. 12 &13 = ROMA – “Museo della Civilta` Romana. Plastico dei Marcelliani. Partiolari di edilizia pubblica e privata.”

FONTE | SOURCE:

— Dr. Anna M. Liberati, Rome, academia.edu (2016).
https://independent.academia.edu/AnnaMariaLiberati

ig-pdc-forma-urbis-3

________________________________

s.v.,

1). ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Il plastico della Roma antica trasloca ai Fori imperiali, per lui una teca hi-tech, SPECTTACOLI E CULTURA, IL MESSAGGERO (23|01|2015). Foto Fonte: Alvaro de Alvariis (2012); James E. Packer (2008) = Pierino Di Carlo (1979|1935). http://wp.me/pPRv6-2GB

— Plastico di Roma / Scale model of Rome, in: 2012 Museo Civilta`, Roma Constantini Aetate, in: Roma ieri, Roma oggi di Alvaro de Alvariis [ITALIANO & ENGLISH] (05/2012).

— Prof. James E. Packer, Pierino Di Carlo: Master Model Builder, in: CURATOR, Vol. 22 / no. 3 (Sept. 1979), pp. 185-198. Note: – Fig. 3. Pierino Di Carlo and a part of his model of ancient Rome, ca. 1935 [This photograph was given to Prof. James E. Packer in 1979 by Pierino Di Carlo)]. Fonte / source: James E. Packer, AJA Online Review Article, Issue 112.3, July 2008, pp. 1-6. [& personal comment by Prof. J.E. Packer (July 2008)].

2). ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Rome, The Imperial Fora: Models & Reconstructions of Ancient Imperial Forums – G. Marcelliani (1905-1906); P. Bigot (1906-1911, 1942); I. Gismondi / P. Di Carlo (1933-1937); L. Quilici (c. 1991); M. Travaglini (2000), & Radu Oltean (2010). FOTO & STAMPA 1 di 67 [01|2015].

3). ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Prof. Giacomo Boni – “Plastico del Foro Romano che mostra lo ‘stato attuale’ delle rovine nei primi anni del 20 ° secolo” (The Metropolitan Museum of Art), in: T. H. Reed, “LOYAL CITIZENSHIP,” WORLD BOOK : NEW YORK (1922), fig. 77, pp. 168-169.

3.1). ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Rome, Visitor Center / Roman Forum (1906): View of the first center near the Roman Forum, established by Prof. Giacomo Boni in 1906. Displayed here the “RICOSTRUZIONE PLASTICA ESEGUITA DAL PROF. G. MARCELLIANI,” the first model of ancient Rome (ca. 1906). Roma, Il centro visitatori prima del Foro Romano dal Prof. Giacomo Boni (1906), e la “RICOSTRUZIONE PLASTICA ESEGUITA DAL PROF. G. MARCELLIANI,” (1906).

4). The “Pastificio Pantanella | Museo di Roma (1929)” in: Dr. Donatella Cialoni, Il mercato centrale ai Cerchi e la stazione al Circo Massimo.Ipotesi d’uso di una zona archeologica nei primi anni di Roma Capitale, Bollettino della Unione Storia ed Arte, 2011, n.6 [PDF], pp. 55-71. https://uniroma1.academia.edu/DonatellaCialoni & http://wp.me/pPRv6-2ed

NORCIA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Italy, Already Rattled, Is Struck by Another Powerful Quake, THE NEW YORK TIMES, 30 October (2016), p. A4.

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NORCIA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Italy, Already Rattled, Is Struck by Another Powerful Quake, THE NEW YORK TIMES, 30 October (2016), p. A4.

ROME | NORCIA — An earthquake, believed to be the strongest to hit Italy since 1980, struck the center of the country on Sunday, four days after two back-to-back quakes severely damaged buildings and left thousands homeless in the area. The temblor on Sunday also caused fresh damage to the towns destroyed by a quake that killed nearly 300 people in August.

The quake, which had a magnitude of 6.5, according to Italy’s national geophysical and volcanology institute, struck at 7:41 a.m. with its epicenter near Norcia. It was felt as far away as Bolzano in northern Italy and Puglia in the south, according to Italian news reports.

Most of the towns in the area had already been evacuated after the recent seismic activity, so there were no immediate reports of deaths.

About 20 people were injured but none killed, said Fabrizio Curcio, the head of Italy’s civil protection department. “It was an important earthquake,” he said.

Helicopters were taking people to hospitals because some roads had been closed off, Mr. Curcio said. Search-and-rescue teams were converging on the area, he added, and mayors were verifying the conditions of residents in smaller hamlets.

As night fell, emergency teams worked to transfer residents of the stricken areas to temporary dormitories and hotels in outlying areas, overcoming the resistance of those who preferred to remain near their homes, Mr. Curcio said.

“This was a 6.5 — we haven’t had an earthquake of this magnitude since 1980 — so there are a series of controls we have to carry out,” he said, adding that people would be assisted better outside the earthquake areas.

Electrical power was out for many thousands of residences, many roads were blocked by debris or cracks, and several sections of the Via Salaria, the most important highway in the area, were not accessible, Mr. Curcio said. Emergency workers were preparing to work through the night to clear roads of debris.

“It will be a difficult night,” Mr. Curcio said after meeting with the mayor of Norcia, Nicola Alemanno, and Vasco Errani, the government’s point man for the earthquake reconstruction program in Norcia.

Mr. Curcio said he hoped people would not spend the night in their cars or in makeshift camps and would opt for more stable accommodations. “There is no reason to suffer,” he said.

Mr. Alemanno estimated that at least 3,000 residents of the town had been left homeless. Other mayors were still tallying numbers of those left homeless in their own towns.

Mr. Errani, who was appointed after the August quake, said Sunday’s earthquake had “changed the scenario, and even more the spirit and the soul of people,” he said.

“We must remain calm to face the situation,” he added.

Aftershocks continued throughout the day, and the geological institute registered about 200 in the first 10 hours after the morning 6.5 quake, at least 15 of them with a magnitude measuring over 4.

The mayor of Rome, Virginia Raggi, ordered schools to remain closed Monday to allow for checks on their stability.

At a news conference, Prime Minister Matteo Renzi vowed to rebuild damaged areas. “We will rebuild everything — homes, churches, businesses,” he said.

Italy has been urging the European Commission to give it more leeway in meeting targets for its budget deficit, citing greater costs incurred by its response to the migrant crisis and to the fallout of the earthquakes.

The Italian government allocated 40 million euros, about $44 million, to the stricken zones after Wednesday’s quakes, and on Sunday Mr. Renzi said more would be set aside to deal with the fresh damage. “We will broaden the crater zone so no town must fear it might be left out,” he said.

“We can’t give back a smile to those who in this moment think they have lost everything,” said Mr. Renzi, who noted that the earthquake had been felt by many Italians.

He called on citizens to be strong and show solidarity. “Italy has its limitations and defects, but in these circumstances it gives the best of itself,” he said.

Italian news media showed before-and-after images of the cathedral and basilica of St. Benedict in Norcia, where damage to the historic center was extensive.

“Right now, the most important thing is to assist people,” Mr. Curcio said.

Television crews for the Italian state network RAI and Sky News had remained in the area after Wednesday’s tremors, and provided live images with billows of dust from crumbled buildings in the background.

The few residents of Norcia who had remained in town because their houses had withstood the previous quakes wandered the streets, startled and frightened. One television broadcast showed a group of nuns running into the main square where they later led prayers, with residents kneeling around them, in front of a statue of St. Benedict.

The earth continued to tremble in the first minutes after the quake as reports of damage in various towns began to be tallied.

In Ussita, a town near the epicenter of Wednesday’s quake, “90 percent of the houses have crumbled,” Mayor Marco Rinaldi told Italian television.

In Amatrice, the town hardest hit in the August earthquake, the facade of the church of Sant’Agostino collapsed.

“Everything has been destroyed. The towns no longer exist,” said Aleandro Petrucci, the mayor of Arquata del Tronto, another ghost town since the August quake.

In Rome, both of the main subway lines were temporarily closed to check for damage, Italian news outlets reported.

Paolo Messina, the director of the Institute of Environmental Geology and Geoengineering at Italy’s National Research Council, said Sunday’s earthquake was linked to the quakes in August. “It’s a complex situation, where a fault is breaking in sections,” he said.

On one hand, the repeated quakes were positive, “because if it occurred all at once the magnitude would be much higher,” he said in a telephone interview. “At the same time, it is causing terrible damage.”

It was impossible to determine the course of the seismic activity, he added. “We don’t know how much energy has accumulated in this fault over the centuries, so we don’t know how much needs to be discharged,” he said.

One shaken resident of Ussita, who had already lost her home, told the Italian news media: “We don’t know what to do anymore.” The earthquake wants to kill us.”

— FONTE | SOURCE: THE NEW YORK TIMES, 30 October (2016), p. A4.

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/31/world/europe/italy-earthquake-norcia.html

NORCIA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Italy, Already Rattled, Is Struck by Another Powerful Quake, THE NEW YORK TIMES, 30 October (2016), p. A4.

norcis-2

NORCIA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Italy, Already Rattled, Is Struck by Another Powerful Quake, THE NEW YORK TIMES, 30 October (2016), p. A4.

ROME | NORCIA — An earthquake, believed to be the strongest to hit Italy since 1980, struck the center of the country on Sunday, four days after two back-to-back quakes severely damaged buildings and left thousands homeless in the area. The temblor on Sunday also caused fresh damage to the towns destroyed by a quake that killed nearly 300 people in August.

The quake, which had a magnitude of 6.5, according to Italy’s national geophysical and volcanology institute, struck at 7:41 a.m. with its epicenter near Norcia. It was felt as far away as Bolzano in northern Italy and Puglia in the south, according to Italian news reports.

Most of the towns in the area had already been evacuated after the recent seismic activity, so there were no immediate reports of deaths.

About 20 people were injured but none killed, said Fabrizio Curcio, the head of Italy’s civil protection department. “It was an important earthquake,” he said.

Helicopters were taking people to hospitals because some roads had been closed off, Mr. Curcio said. Search-and-rescue teams were converging on the area, he added, and mayors were verifying the conditions of residents in smaller hamlets.

As night fell, emergency teams worked to transfer residents of the stricken areas to temporary dormitories and hotels in outlying areas, overcoming the resistance of those who preferred to remain near their homes, Mr. Curcio said.

“This was a 6.5 — we haven’t had an earthquake of this magnitude since 1980 — so there are a series of controls we have to carry out,” he said, adding that people would be assisted better outside the earthquake areas.

Electrical power was out for many thousands of residences, many roads were blocked by debris or cracks, and several sections of the Via Salaria, the most important highway in the area, were not accessible, Mr. Curcio said. Emergency workers were preparing to work through the night to clear roads of debris.

“It will be a difficult night,” Mr. Curcio said after meeting with the mayor of Norcia, Nicola Alemanno, and Vasco Errani, the government’s point man for the earthquake reconstruction program in Norcia.

Mr. Curcio said he hoped people would not spend the night in their cars or in makeshift camps and would opt for more stable accommodations. “There is no reason to suffer,” he said.

Mr. Alemanno estimated that at least 3,000 residents of the town had been left homeless. Other mayors were still tallying numbers of those left homeless in their own towns.

Mr. Errani, who was appointed after the August quake, said Sunday’s earthquake had “changed the scenario, and even more the spirit and the soul of people,” he said.

“We must remain calm to face the situation,” he added.

Aftershocks continued throughout the day, and the geological institute registered about 200 in the first 10 hours after the morning 6.5 quake, at least 15 of them with a magnitude measuring over 4.

The mayor of Rome, Virginia Raggi, ordered schools to remain closed Monday to allow for checks on their stability.

At a news conference, Prime Minister Matteo Renzi vowed to rebuild damaged areas. “We will rebuild everything — homes, churches, businesses,” he said.

Italy has been urging the European Commission to give it more leeway in meeting targets for its budget deficit, citing greater costs incurred by its response to the migrant crisis and to the fallout of the earthquakes.

The Italian government allocated 40 million euros, about $44 million, to the stricken zones after Wednesday’s quakes, and on Sunday Mr. Renzi said more would be set aside to deal with the fresh damage. “We will broaden the crater zone so no town must fear it might be left out,” he said.

“We can’t give back a smile to those who in this moment think they have lost everything,” said Mr. Renzi, who noted that the earthquake had been felt by many Italians.

He called on citizens to be strong and show solidarity. “Italy has its limitations and defects, but in these circumstances it gives the best of itself,” he said.

Italian news media showed before-and-after images of the cathedral and basilica of St. Benedict in Norcia, where damage to the historic center was extensive.

“Right now, the most important thing is to assist people,” Mr. Curcio said.

Television crews for the Italian state network RAI and Sky News had remained in the area after Wednesday’s tremors, and provided live images with billows of dust from crumbled buildings in the background.

The few residents of Norcia who had remained in town because their houses had withstood the previous quakes wandered the streets, startled and frightened. One television broadcast showed a group of nuns running into the main square where they later led prayers, with residents kneeling around them, in front of a statue of St. Benedict.

The earth continued to tremble in the first minutes after the quake as reports of damage in various towns began to be tallied.

In Ussita, a town near the epicenter of Wednesday’s quake, “90 percent of the houses have crumbled,” Mayor Marco Rinaldi told Italian television.

In Amatrice, the town hardest hit in the August earthquake, the facade of the church of Sant’Agostino collapsed.

“Everything has been destroyed. The towns no longer exist,” said Aleandro Petrucci, the mayor of Arquata del Tronto, another ghost town since the August quake.

In Rome, both of the main subway lines were temporarily closed to check for damage, Italian news outlets reported.

Paolo Messina, the director of the Institute of Environmental Geology and Geoengineering at Italy’s National Research Council, said Sunday’s earthquake was linked to the quakes in August. “It’s a complex situation, where a fault is breaking in sections,” he said.

On one hand, the repeated quakes were positive, “because if it occurred all at once the magnitude would be much higher,” he said in a telephone interview. “At the same time, it is causing terrible damage.”

It was impossible to determine the course of the seismic activity, he added. “We don’t know how much energy has accumulated in this fault over the centuries, so we don’t know how much needs to be discharged,” he said.

One shaken resident of Ussita, who had already lost her home, told the Italian news media: “We don’t know what to do anymore.” The earthquake wants to kill us.”

— FONTE | SOURCE: THE NEW YORK TIMES, 30 October (2016), p. A4.

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/31/world/europe/italy-earthquake-norcia.html

L’AQUILA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: L’AQUILA JOURNAL – In Italy, a Town Still ‘Broken’ by a Quake. The One 7 Years Ago, THE NEW YORK TIMES, 4 November (2016), p. A4.

nyt-4-4-2016

L’AQUILA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: L’AQUILA JOURNAL – In Italy, a Town Still ‘Broken’ by a Quake. The One 7 Years Ago, THE NEW YORK TIMES, 4 November (2016), p. A4.

L’AQUILA, Italy — As three big earthquakes rattled central Italy last month after a major quake there this summer, thousands more Italians were left homeless, and Prime Minister Matteo Renzi pledged anew on Wednesday that every stricken town would return to what it had been.

“We will rebuild everything,” the prime minister wrote on his website, adding that a government decree would be issued on Friday to streamline the bureaucracy surrounding reconstruction. “We have the money, the will, too.”

Although the words were welcome, they were unlikely to inspire complete confidence among residents of Norcia and the other towns hit by the most recent quakes. The victims need look no farther than L’Aquila, about 60 miles south, for a sobering reminder of unfulfilled promises and of the challenges ahead.

Here, on April 6, 2009, an earthquake killed 309 people. Since then, reconstruction of this regional capital of 72,000 still hobbles on. “Not like L’Aquila” has become a common refrain in these earthquake-ridden days.

“The main thing is to understand how to make fewer mistakes,” said Celso Cioni, the director of the local branch of the business association Confcommercio. “Mistakes will be made, but they should try to make less of them, which would already be something.”

By last count, more than 22,000 people were receiving assistance since earthquakes started wreaking destruction in dozens of scenic hilltop towns in Umbria, Marche, Lazio and Abruzzo on Aug. 24, 2016. Most of those people — some 15,400 residents — have opted to remain in makeshift dormitories in sports centers or in tents near their hometowns, rather than being transferred to hotels on the coast.

o far, 130 million euros (about $143 million) have been earmarked to deal with the immediate effects of the 2016 earthquakes, which killed nearly 300, and Mr. Renzi said on Monday that better shelters — made from shipping containers — would be available by Christmas.

After that, the homeless will be placed in temporary wooden houses while their permanent homes are rebuilt. It is the long-term prospect of rebuilding that worries many.

Even today, seven years after its own disaster, L’Aquila is a tale of two cities: part cacophonous construction site, part ghost town.

For the most part, the outskirts of the city have been redeveloped and repopulated, complete with parking hassles and traffic jams.

Work on the monumental areas of the city’s historic center, a tight grid of grand palazzos and elegant churches, has picked up considerably in the last two years — so much that L’Aquila is now the largest construction site in Italy.

Dismissing negative assessments, Roberto Di Vincenzo, the coordinator of Officina L’Aquila, a project to promote best reconstruction practices, said that in Italy “it is always easier to destroy than to build.”

“Certainly problems have existed, but if you go to the center of L’Aquila today, you see life,” he said.

But there are sizable patches of the old city where time has stood still. Many a palazzo-lined street has been abandoned to the wear of the weather and to overgrown vegetation.

Many of the displaced continue to live in temporary housing or in government-sponsored apartment buildings in so-called new towns outside the city that were developed for the homeless in the months after the tremor.

Critics say that the decision to construct new towns, rather than focus on rebuilding the historic center, was the most significant misstep in L’Aquila’s renewal, displacing funds and unraveling the city’s social fabric, possibly irreparably.

“The major mistake was the creation of new towns” that decentralized the city, said Antonio Perrotti, a local architect. That meant that offices, stores and other areas of social interaction had not returned to the city center.

The rebuilt city now sprawls along an 11-mile axis after activities were moved to the periphery, said Aldo Benedetti, an engineering professor at the University of L’Aquila. And the city’s infrastructure was not adequately reinforced, he said, citing a lack of sidewalks and public transportation, as well as areas for citizens to congregate in the Italian tradition.

“They had no idea how to organize this,” he said. “We need a vision that starts from public space.”

Then reconstruction efforts were hampered by a litany of setbacks: uncertain funding, political infighting, power struggles, a lack of common vision and inefficient bureaucracy, which Mr. Renzi has vowed to change.

Not least, L’Aquila’s reconstruction was marred by cases of corruption, murky questions involving subcontracting and investigations into the involvement of criminal organizations.

City officials say that after a bumpy start, reconstruction has been on a more positive track since the Italian government made funding available.

Some €4.6 billion has already been spent on rebuilding private homes, and dozens of cranes pepper the city’s skyline, a constant reminder of the renovation downtown. In all, the reconstruction of L’Aquila and its suburbs is expected to cost €8 billion.

The objective is “to complete the city proper by 2019,” said Pietro Di Stefano, the city councilor responsible for reconstruction. “There are good practices, which can be followed,” he said. “The important thing is to look at what has already been done.”

But the earthquakes this year have dealt the city, and the region, yet another setback.

“We’re putting our heart and soul into doing everything we can to start up again, but with each new quake everything grinds to a halt,” said Nicoletta Colaneri, an owner of a bar off the main square that opened on Aug. 20, just four days before the first major tremor.

The recent quakes rattled already frazzled nerves and transformed L’Aquila into “a desert island,” her cousin and co-owner, Peppe Colaneri, said, and the meager earnings of the last two months have been laughable compared with their investment.

Seven years after their city was destroyed, “We never thought that we’d still be fighting against the earthquake,” Ms. Colaneri said.

“Everything is so broken that it’s going to take a long time,” she said.

Then there are the places that not even time may help restore. If L’Aquila has seen a frenzy of activity, the same cannot be said for many of the 60 odd towns in its environs that were badly damaged in 2009.

There, most residents who opted to stay close to their former homes still live in the new towns, or in prefab wooden homes arranged in makeshift lots, complete with churches and playgrounds.

“They’re homey, and they give you security” when the earth trembles, said Denise Nasturzi, who lives with her partner in a wooden house in the lot next to Onna, where reconstruction of the old town has barely begun.

Onna’s main church opened this year, and a community center is a point of congregation, but only a few palazzos show signs of any refurbishment. “It’s hard to imagine it will return to what it was,” Ms. Nasturzi said.

FONTE | SOURCE:

— THE NEW YORK TIMES, 4 November (2016), p. A4.

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/04/world/europe/italy-earthquake-laquila.html

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTUARO ARCHITETTURA: Dott. Roberto Meneghini, I FORI IMPERIALI E I MERCATI DI TRAIANO – Storia e descrizione dei monumenti alla luce degli studi e degli scavi recenti [1991-2010], ROME: LIBRERIA DELLO STATO (2010), pp. 1-276 [in PDF].

meneghini-fori-mercati-2010-pdf

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTUARO ARCHITETTURA: Dott. Roberto Meneghini, I FORI IMPERIALI E I MERCATI DI TRAIANO – Storia e descrizione dei monumenti alla luce degli studi e degli scavi recenti [1991-2010], ROME: LIBRERIA DELLO STATO (2010), pp. 1-276 [in PDF].

FONTE | SOURCE:

— Dott. Roberto Meneghini, Sovrintendenza di Roma Capitale, Ufficio Fori Imperiali, Curatore Archeologo.

https://sovraintendenzaroma.academia.edu/RobertoMeneghini

— Dott. Roberto Meneghini, I FORI IMPERIALI E I MERCATI DI TRAIANO – Storia e descrizione dei monumenti alla luce degli studi e degli scavi recenti [1991-2010], ROME: LIBRERIA DELLO STATO (2010), pp. 1-276 [in PDF].

https://www.academia.edu/26723755/I_Fori_Imperiali_e_i_Mercati_di_Traiano..pdf

s.v.,

— ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTUARO ARCHITETTURA: James E. Packer, Report from Rome: The Imperial Fora, a Retrospective [= Relazione da Roma: I Fori Imperiali, una Retrospettiva]. AJA 101, April (1997), pp. 307-330 [in PDF]. = http://wp.me/pPRv6-2oq

1). ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Rome, the ‘I Fori Imperiali’, the ‘Il Quartiere Alessandrina’, and the ‘Via dei Fori Imperiali’: The Documentation and the Dissemination of the Scholarly Studies and Related Research (1995-2015). M.G. Conde (02/1999 – 11/2016). mgconde@yahoo.com & http://wp.me/pPRv6-3yb

1.1). ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Rome, the ‘I Fori Imperiali’, the ‘Il Quartiere Alessandrina’, and the ‘Via dei Fori Imperiali’ (1975-2015), a detailed collection of documents, drawings and photographic images, in “FLICKR”. = https://www.flickr.com/photos/imperial_fora_of_rome/collections/

 1.2). ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Rome, the ‘I Fori Imperiali’, the ‘Il Quartiere Alessandrina’, and the ‘Via dei Fori Imperiali’ (2010-2015), a detailed collection of documents, drawings and photographic images, in “WORDPRESS.” = https://rometheimperialfora19952010.wordpress.com/

Note: Rome, the ‘I Fori Imperiali’, the ‘Il Quartiere Alessandrina’, and the ‘Via dei Fori Imperiali’ (1975-2015), in “academia.edu”, CLICK on my BOOKMARK link on academia.edu for a collection of various scholarly articles and other related works on the ‘Imperial Fora’ in PDF as published by Italian and international scholars, university students and other independent researchers. = https://independent.academia.edu/MartinGConde

 

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Mayor Virginia Raggi & the Rome City Hall pulls plug on costly, graft-ridden Metro C subway project, REUTERS NEWS, U.K., (04/11/2016).

13680333_1069462269774952_6363910887107291632_o

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Mayor Virginia Raggi & the Rome City Hall pulls plug on costly, graft-ridden Metro C subway project, REUTERS NEWS, U.K., (04/11/2016).

Rome City Council voted on Friday to stop financing a third underground transport line, pulling the plug on a project that is years behind schedule, well over budget and embroiled in corruption scandals.

The anti-establishment 5-Star Movement, which took control of Rome at local elections in June, said it could no longer justify pumping public money into the rail link and would now look at other ways to meet the capital’s transport needs.

“The Roma Metropolitane company has failed in its mission, generating enormous costs for the taxpayers. We have decided not to recapitalise it,” Mayor Virginia Raggi said.

The decision means the Metro C will stop short at the Colosseum rather than crossing through the heart of Rome, as originally planned, severely limiting the impact it was meant to make on the car-choked capital.

The move dealt a blow to the local building industry, which was already up in arms over 5-Star’s decision last month to withdraw from the race to stage the 2024 Olympic Games.

The consortium building the transit line, which includes Astaldi, Vianini Lavori, a unit of Caltagirone, and Ansaldo STS, made no immediate comment.

The initial section of the driverless network was inaugurated in 2014 and 21 stations are now open.

Financing has been agreed for a further three stations up to the Colosseum, which are set to be operational by 2020. Work on this stretch will continue, but plans for a further 14 stops to the Vatican and beyond have been dropped.

The designers chose a costly, heavy-duty train system, expecting that the route would carry up to 600,000 passengers a day. At present, the link carries just 50,000 people a day.

Building the initial 24 stations to the Colosseum was originally priced at 2.23 billion euros ($2.54 billion), but after a welter of design changes the figure to cover just as far as the Colosseum stop is now put at 3.7 billion euros, a Rome City Hall official told councillors at a meeting on Friday.

Italy’s National Audit Court has ordered more than 10 people linked to the project to stand trial over what it says was a waste of 270 million euros of public money. The defendants deny the accusations.

— FONTE | SOURCE: REUTERS NEW, U.K., (04/11/2016). http://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-italy-rome-metro-idUKKBN12Z27K

— FOTO | FONTE | SOURCE: Roma – “Un altro scatto fotografico del COLOSSEO “ripreso” da dietro l’arco di Costantino. Un’altra prospettiva si riscopre alla nostra vista. Stupore e meraviglia,” in: Dr. Arch. Riccardo Crocetti & Atavistic, Rome 13 July (2015).

https://www.facebook.com/atavisticapp/photos/a.918533071534540.1073741828.907632262624621/1069462269774952/?type=3&theater

http://www.atavisticapp.com/

s.v.,

— Roma, Raggi: ‘Roma avrà la metro C ma basta sprechi’ ‘Il nostro obiettivo è che arrivi ai Fori Imperiali prima del 2021, poi valuteremo se e come proseguire,’ ANSA, ITALIA (05/11/2016).

http://www.ansa.it/lazio/notizie/2016/11/05/raggi-roma-avra-la-metro-c-ma-basta-sprechi_3f3d345c-79f8-4fd1-84b4-1a25a6025b28.html

— ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Rome, Imperial Fora / Metro C Archaeological Surveys (2006-16). Archaeological Investigations: Chiesa Nuova, Largo Argentina, Pz. Venezia, Pz. Madonna di Loreto, Via dei Fori Imperiali, & the Colosseum Valley. https://www.flickr.com/photos/imperial_fora_of_rome/collections/72157622393628242/

— ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: I FORI IMPERIALI – “Tempio di Venere Genitrice” di Dott. Arch. Riccardo Crocetti | Atavistic (17|12|2015), s.v., “Tempio di Venere Genitrice” di Dott.ssa Arch. Barbara Baldrati (2004). http://wp.me/pPRv6-3jr

 

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Rome, the ‘I Fori Imperiali’, the ‘Il Quartiere Alessandrina’, and the ‘Via dei Fori Imperiali’: The Documentation and the Dissemination of the Scholarly Studies and Related Research (1995-2015).

rome-fori-cover-2016

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Rome, the ‘I Fori Imperiali’, the ‘Il Quartiere Alessandrina’, and the ‘Via dei Fori Imperiali’: The Documentation and the Dissemination of the Scholarly Studies and Related Research (1995-2015).

Martin G. Conde, Independent Researcher, Washington DC., U.S.A., (October 2016). mgconde@yahoo.com *
_____________

‘…Yesterday I ran into Dr. Roberto Meneghini at the American Academy of Rome. Your name came up, and Roberto said, “Oh yes!“ He knew of you. You never missed a single article relating to archaeology in Rome and the Imperial Fora. And his associate agreed! Obviously your site is being avidly read on both sides of the Atlantic.’

Prof. James E. Packer,
E-mail comment and personal communication,
Rome, Italy; 5 February (2016).
_____________

— INTRODUCTION in PDF, pp. 1-2 = INTRODUCTION – Rome, the ‘I Fori Imperiali’, the ‘Il Quartiere Alessandrina’, and the ‘Via dei Fori Imperiali’: the Rediscovery of the ‘Integrated’ Approach of ‘Archaeology of Architecture’ and the New Educational Interest and Innovative Research & Studies of the Diverse Urban Heritage Located within the ‘Area Fori’ (1995-2015).

— INTRODUCTION – Rome, the ‘I Fori Imperiali’, the ‘Il Quartiere Alessandrina’, and the ‘Via dei Fori Imperiali’: the Rediscovery of the ‘Integrated’ Approach of ‘Archaeology of Architecture’ and the New Educational Interest and Innovative Research & Studies of the Diverse Urban Heritage Located within the ‘Area Fori’ (1995-2015).

— KEYWORDS: Rome, the ‘Area Fori’ – the ‘Integrated’ Italian Restoration Architect & the Italian Archaeologist: The ‘Archaeology of Architecture’ with construction and preservation history as a source of architectural innovation (1890-1913) =

1). Restauri di innovazione” by Prof. Arch. Gustavo Giovannoni (1913), in: G. Giovannoni, “RESTAURI DI MONUMENTI”, BOLL. D’ ARTE, fasc. I-II., (1913), 32.
2). “Esplorazioni stratigrafiche” by Prof. Giacomo Boni (1913), in: G. Boni, “IL METHODO NELLE ESPLORAZIONI ARCHEOLOGICHE”, BOLL. D’ ARTE, fasc. I-II., (1913), 43 (the ‘Il Methodo’ originally published in 1901).
3). “…Un minimo di demolizione e un massimo di resultato archeologico e monumentale” by Prof. Corrado Ricci (1911), in: C. Ricci, “PER L’ISOLAMENTO E LA REDENZIONE DEI RESTI DEI FORI IMPERIALI”, BOLL. D’ ARTE fasc. V., (1911), 449.
4). “…’Ricostruire le aree archeologiche’ con percorsi e insiemi arborei, diposti secondo schemi didattico-ricostruttivi” by Prof. G. Boni (1891), in: G. Boni, “Il Catasto dei monumenti in Italia”, Archivo storico dell’ arte, fasc. IV., (1891), 418.
__________________________________________

* =
1). ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Rome, the ‘I Fori Imperiali’, the ‘Il Quartiere Alessandrina’, and the ‘Via dei Fori Imperiali’: The Documentation and the Dissemination of the Scholarly Studies and Related Research (1995-2015).

1.1). ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Rome, the ‘I Fori Imperiali’, the ‘Il Quartiere Alessandrina’, and the ‘Via dei Fori Imperiali’ (1975-2015), a detailed collection of documents, drawings and photographic images, in “FLICKR”, see: https://www.flickr.com/photos/imperial_fora_of_rome/collections/ 

1.2). ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Rome, the ‘I Fori Imperiali’, the ‘Il Quartiere Alessandrina’, and the ‘Via dei Fori Imperiali’ (2010-2015), a detailed collection of documents, drawings and photographic images, in “WORDPRESS”, see: https://rometheimperialfora19952010.wordpress.com/ 

Note: Rome, the ‘I Fori Imperiali’, the ‘Il Quartiere Alessandrina’, and the ‘Via dei Fori Imperiali’ (1975-2015), in “academia.edu”, CLICK on my BOOKMARK link on academia.edu for a collection of various scholarly articles and other related works on the ‘Imperial Fora’ in PDF as published by Italian and international scholars, university students and other independent researchers, see: https://independent.academia.edu/MartinGConde