ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Iscrizione: Fabius Felix Passifilus / Paulinus, v(ir) c(larissimus) et inl(ustris), / praef(ectus) urb(i), / studiis suis [c. 450-76 AD]. Roma, Metro C Scavi – Pal. Madonna dei Loreto (2009).
Base for statue (subject unstated) re-erected by Fabius Felix Passifilus Paulinus, prefect of the City. Rome. 450-476.
In four lines. Letter height 7-5.5 cm.
Fabius Felix Passifilus / Paulinus, v(ir) c(larissimus) et inl(ustris), / praef(ectus) urb(i), / studiis suis.
“Fabius Felix Passifilus Paulinus, of clarissimus and illustrious rank, prefect of the City, with his special care.”
The inscription records the erection of a statue of unstated subject. The use of the expression studiis suis is previously unattested (it was used by the same prefect in LSA-1819). The expression was probably chosen to emphasize the special interest and/or initiative of this prefect for the dedication of this statue. The letters still have clear traces of red paint.
White marble base, 116 x 77 x 68.5 cm. The base is damaged on the left hand corners, top and bottom. The left side is damaged towards the bottom, and there is a small round hole at the top. The right side is well preserved. The epigraphic field measures 65 x 52.5 cm. It is deep and rough, indicating re-use. The base was turned upside down, and marks from the fittings for an earlier statue can still be seen at the bottom. The top is badly weathered, but at least one dowel hole can be seen on the right side, towards the back.
PROVENANCE AND LOCATION:
The base was discovered in 2009 during works related to the construction of Line C of Rome’s Metropolitana system, at piazza della Madonna di Loreto, by Piazza Venezia. The excavations revealed a structure of Hadrianic date, identified as the Athenaeum, a building used for various cultural activities (Egidi 2010, 114). The base is still there.
HONORAND, AWARDER AND DATE:
Our base records the dedication of a statue of unstated subject. The base was erected by the prefect of the City Fabius Felix Passifilus Paulinus, who was in office sometime between 450 and 476. Paulinus’ name appears in an inscription belonging to the last phase of the Flavian Amphitheatre, and also on a bronze tessera recording public works under two reigning emperors (Orlandi 2004, 499-500). Paulinus was responsible for the re-erection of other bases, presumably moved from other parts of the city: LSA-1088, LSA-1283, LSA-1338, LSA-1523, and LSA-1819.
The movement and re-erection of ancient statues from abandoned spaces to more prestigious areas is well attested in late antique Rome. This base (and its companion LSA-1819) is particularly interesting, however, since the Athenaeum was a famous space for the reading of poetry and other literary works.
Orlandi, S., “Le testimonianze epigrafiche”, Atti del Convegno L’Athenaeum di Adriano. Storia di un edificio dalla fondazione al XVII secolo (Roma, 22 settembre 2011), Rome Forthcoming,
Egidi, R., “L’area di Piazza Venezia. Nuovi dati topografici”, Archeologia e infrastrutture. Il tracciato fondamentale della linea C della metropolitana di Roma: prime indagine archeologiche (Bollettino d’Arte. Volume Speciale 2010 – Serie VII), Florence 2010, 93-124.
Orlandi, S., Roma. Anfiteatri e strutture annesse con una nuova edizione e commento delle iscrizioni del Colosseo. Epigrafia anfiteatrale dell’Occidente romano 6, Rome 2004, pp. 499-500.
Fonte | source:
Dr. Silvia Orlandi | Dr. Robero Meneghini, in: ‘Last Statues of Antiquity (LSA)’ Database, THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD | ENGLAND (2012) [11|2014].
http://laststatues.classics.ox.ac.uk/database/detail-base.php?record=LSA-2664 & http://laststatues.classics.ox.ac.uk/database/discussion.php?id=3038
– ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Roma, Frammento di iscrizione monumentale da Piazza Madonna di Loreto (Iscrizione per i Divi Traiano e Plotina [scavi 2010]). Paolo Baldassarri (2013) & Silvia Orlandi (2012).
– ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Gli Scavi Archeologici: Metro ‘C’ – Piazza Venezia / Piazza Madonna di Loreto. Area S14 / B1 (2007-2012), SSBAR (11|2013), [PDF], pp. 1-30.