ROME – Italy’s Fascist-era visionary Terragni’s architectural drawings re-created through technology, ITALY 24 | Il Sole 24 ORE (22|10|2015).
After the exhibition on Rome’s EUR complex last year, this new show returns to focus on Italian architecture between the two World Wars.
The exhibition “Giuseppe Terragni in Rome” at the headquarters of the Central State Archive displays precious archival materials on Italian architecture during the Fascist period, including documents on the great architect’s work.
For the occasion, these materials are made available to the public, allowing visitors to view the original texts.
If, in many respects, the uniqueness of Italy’s urbanistic endeavour between the wars was emphasized (instead of being crushed) by the country’s catastrophe — clearly visible in the desolate crater left by its interrupted construction sites — the exceptional work of Giuseppe Terragni (Como, 1904-1943) almost seemed reinforced by his dramatic death while returning from the Russian front.
Terragni’s reputation at first suffered from the political censorship exerted by the Italian Resistance movement’s post-war historiography on the image of Italy during the Fascist regime. But in recent decades Terragni was freed from being condemned to an embarrassed silence, and has since risen to be considered as one of Europe’s finest architects.
His best-known work is the House of Fascism (the local headquarters of the Fascist Party) in his native Como.
Mussolini wanted Rome to become the model of a new city, where the past, the present and the future would merge to testify the uniqueness of Italy’s own way to modernity.
The “liberation” of the Fori Imperiali, as well as the Stadio dei Marmi, the University City, etc., marked an impressive season of architectural competitions (from the newly founded cities to the E42 project).
Terragni managed many of these competitions – from the Palazzo del Littorio (the new headquarters of the Italian Fascist Party) to the Palazzo dei Ricevimenti e dei Congressi, and presented projects (also never carried out) for pavilions, Houses of Fascism and, above all, the unbuilt Danteum, the hermetic memorial to Dante on the Via dell’Impero in Rome.
The exhibition’s curators have decided to delve into Terragni’s labyrinth wielding the cold weapon of digital technologies.
With the help of their students, Flavio Mangione and Luca Ribichini provide a virtual vision on Terragni: using a procedure already tested for the exhibition on Russian visionary architect Ivan Leonidov at Milan’s Triennale, the unrealized projects are “revived” in photographic versions of staggering representational realism (which could be made even more effective by including the traces of the passing of time).
Is a case of technology excerising its free will to impose an objective view of the facts, or is it a tremendous help in advancing historical research? It’s an open question.
(Giuseppe Terragni in Rome, Rome, Central State Archive, until December 18).
FONTE | SOURCE:
— ITALY 24 | Il Sole 24 ORE (22|10|2015).
— ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: ROMA DI MUSSOLINI – VIA DELL’ IMPERO 1935 | 2015: Arch. Giuseppe Terragni e Roma alla casa dell’Architettura, LA REPUBBLICA (28|05|2015).
— ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: ROMA DI MUSSOLINI, VIA DELL’ IMPERO E PALAZZO LITTORIO: Arch. Giacomo Feri, “Il Grande Muro Sospeso (video tesi di laurea in architettura),” 2008-09 . VIDEO 05:28.
— ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Roma – I Fori Imperiali: Via dell’ Impero. Nascita di una strada, demolizioni e scavi: 1930-1936. [Supplimentary Documentation] – Progetto: Dantem – Via dell Impero / Arch. Pietro Lingeri e Giuseppe Terragni – XV°(1937).