ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Trajan’s Column – Recent research sheds light on how it may have been built. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, USA (03|2015) & Prof. L. Lancaster, “Trajan’s Column” (2000, 1999, & 1998 [PDF]).
1). VIDEO – Nat Geo’s Stop-Motion Team Animates History ARCHITECTURE | BUILDINGS, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, USA (03|2015).
Go behind the scenes of National Geographic’s stop-motion video about Trajan’s Column, an ancient Roman monument. Recent research sheds light on how it may have been built.
Fonte | source:
— NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, USA (03|2015).
2). ROME – Trajan’s Column – Prof. Lynn Lancaster, Recent research sheds light on how it may have been built (1998-2000) ACADEMIA.EDU [03|2015]:
2.1). Prof. Lynn Lancaster,” Building Trajan’s Markets II: The Construction Process”, American Journal of Archaeology 104 (2000) [PDF]: 755-85 =
The well preserved state of many parts of Trajan’s Markets provides the opportunity for a detailed study of the building techniques used there, which in turn sheds light on the construction process. Topics included in this paper are the planning of the drainage, the design of multistory buildings with non-congruent plans, and the organization and protection of the building site. They are discussed in relation to specific archaeological evidence from various parts of the Markets, such as the use of relieving arches, brick vaulting ribs, clamps, travertine corbels and lintel arches. The results show that some structural and constructional elements within the building appear to have been intended to aid the construction process rather than to provide any long term functional or structural benefit. In the conclusion of each section, the archaeological findings are examined in relation to broader questions dealing with the building industry, such as the use of scale drawings, the relationship between the architect and the builder, and the legal responsibility for the protection of the site. Finally, two case studies involving a wider range of complexities are presented: the Aula at Trajan’s Markets and the Trajanic latrine at the Forum of Caesar. More Info: American Journal of Archaeology 104 (2000): 755-85.
2.2). Prof. Lynn Lancaster, “Building Trajan’s Column”, American Journal of Archaeology 103 (1999) [PDF]: 419-439 =
Trajan’s Column is best known for its sculptured spiral frieze celebrating Trajan’s victories in the Dacian Wars, but it is also a complex architectural monument representing an impressive feat of engineering. The Column is made up of 29 blocks of Luna marble weighing from 25 to 77 tons, the highest of which had to be raised to 38.4 m above ground. In this paper, I discuss the evidence both for the construction of the Column and for the organization of the building site. Excavations earlier this century revealed an unusual use of brick ribbing in the vaulted substructures of the north portico, which I propose was intended as reinforcement for the vaults over which the individual blocks of the Column were maneuvered before being lifted into place. This implies that the work site for the blocks lay to the north of the Column courtyard (where the later Temple of Divine Trajan is traditionally located), which is the area most easily accessible from any unloading point along the Tiber. Finally, I propose a hypothetical reconstruction of a lifting device for the blocks making up the Column based on comparative evidence from other sites, on ancient literary descriptions of building methods, and on calculations of the strength capacities of timbers, ropes, and capstans.
More Info: American Journal of Archaeology 103 (1999): 419-439
2.3). Prof. Lynn Lancaster, “Building Trajan’s Markets”, American Journal of Archaeology 102 (1998) [PDF]: 283-308 =
This paper examines the use of two building techniques at Trajan’s Markets: “bonding” courses of bipedales and brick linings used as formwork for vaulting. The distribution of these two techniques provides some evidence for the division of labor and the organization of the building site. The pattern of the bonding courses suggests that they were used as organizational tools by setting certain key heights and in at least one case by providing a “benchmark” level to which all walls were brought before proceeding. The pattern and detailing of the brick formwork used for the vaulting in some parts of the Markets suggests that the vaults (and possibly the walls) of at least two groups of rooms may have been contracted out to a particular crew of builders. However, evidence from the changes in the pattern of the bonding courses suggests that the way in which work was assigned may have varied from one part of the monument to another.
Fonte | source(s):
— Prof. Lynn Lancaster [2000, 1999 & 1998], in:
Lynne Lancaster, Ohio University, Classics and World Religions, Faculty Member
Research Interests:Ancient Technology (Archaeology), Geoarchaeology, Roman [etc.].
— ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA:
PART. I – “Reading Trajan’s Column – Is Trajan’s Column an Ancient Comic Strip?”, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, USA (03|2015).
— ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA:
PART. II – “Reading Trajan’s Column – A War Diary Soars Over Rome” NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, USA (03|2015). [Fotos: Column of Trajan, in: M.G. Conde (2007-08)].
— 3). ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITITTURA: Il Foro di Traiano – scavi (1998-2015, 1989-1997, & 1928-33). | The Forum of Trajan – excavations (1998-2013, 1989-1997, 1928-33). FOTO & STAMPA 1 di 419 [03|2015].
— 3.1). ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITITTURA: Il Foro di Traiano – Ai Piedi Della Colonna di Traiano | Forum of Trajan – Column of Trajan (1907-2015). FOTO & STAMPA 1 di 97.