ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA. ROMA «MAFIA CAPITALE» VISTA DAL MONDO – Rome mobster probe spreads across Italy, FRANCE 24, THE NEW YORK TIMES & CORRIERE DELLA SERA (11-12|12|2014).
s.v., sotto: 3). ROMA «MAFIA CAPITALE» VISTA DAL MONDO, Il New York Times: «Non c’è angolo d’Italia immune da crimine», CORRIERE DELLA SERA (12|12|2014). Nell’edizione internazionale l’NYT commenta l’inchiesta sulla corruzione e gli appalti pilotati che ha portato a 37 arresti a Roma: «Il boss dava istruzioni dopo le elezioni in Campidoglio: “Chiamate i neoeletti e dite loro: che te serve?’»
Foto | fonte | source: ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA: “FORI DA RECORD: ABUSIVE OVENQUE,” C.D.S., (14|03|2014). “Latrina Imperiale,” I Residenti. Parco dei Fori – Marino, Alemanno, Veltroni e Rutelli,”No je a famo,” (1994-2014).
1). ITALY – ‘Capital Mafia’: Rome mobster probe spreads across Italy, FRANCE 24 (12|12|2014).
A massive investigation into collusion between a mafia-like gang – led by a one-eyed former fascist – and corrupt politicians in Rome has widened to other parts of the country, underscoring the pervasiveness of Italy’s crime syndicates.
Italian police arrested two suspected mobsters on Thursday as part of a sprawling investigation into a Roman criminal network that allegedly bribed senior city officials to obtain lucrative contracts.
The arrests for suspected mafia conspiracy are part of a probe showing links between businesses run by the gang and alleged members of the powerful Calabrian mafia, the ‘Ndrangheta.
Last week, prosecutors in Rome said they had arrested 37 people and placed scores more under investigation, including suspected mobsters, neo-fascist militants, a former right-wing mayor of Rome, and members of the current centre-left administration.
All are suspected of involvement in a system of corruption allegedly run by Massimo Carminati, a notorious far-right extremist who lost an eye in a shoot-out with police in the 1980s and is sometimes referred to as “the last King of Rome”.
The widening investigation, dubbed “Capital Mafia”, has revealed a web of dirty deals between political figures and Carminati’s middlemen and cast light on the clout of Rome’s underworld.
Politicians are suspected of helping the mob’s businesses win lucrative public contracts, including to operate and service refugee centres and Roma camps.
According to wiretapped conversations, Carminati’s right-hand man Salvatore Buzzi – who bears an uncanny resemblance to veteran Hollywood mobster Joe Pesci – has boasted of “making more money with migrants than with drugs”.
“Rome had long been regarded as a place where southern mafias could invest their money, but the latest investigations point to the development of an indigenous mafia specific to the capital,” says Mauro Favale of Italian daily La Repubblica.
The expansion of the investigation to include the ‘Ndrangheta, one of Italy’s traditional mafia organisations, helps magistrates demonstrate that the Rome gang is itself an organised crime syndicate and can be prosecuted as such, allowing stiffer sentencing.
REPORT: TRACKING ITALY’S ‘NDRANGHETA
It also underscores the growing reach of the southern mafia, which has invested its profits from the cocaine trade by penetrating more respectable industries across Italy.
According to a statement from the paramilitary Carabinieri police, the two criminal groups traded favours regarding business interests in Rome and Calabria.
Police said the Roman mob handed a contract for daily cleaning at an open-air market on the capital’s Esquiline Hill to the Calabrian syndicate, who in turn agreed to allow businesses tied to the Roman gang to manage immigration and refugee centres in their territory in southern Italy.
“It’s unlikely the migrant centres are more lucrative than drugs, but they certainly give access to credits handed out by the government,” Favale told FRANCE 24.
Hotels and migrant centres receive about €30 euros a day per adult migrant, and up to €50 for minors, in return for providing shelter and a range of services such as Italian lessons and legal assistance. But aid organizations warn that criminal groups are exploiting the system and providing substandard services.
The mounting evidence of links between Roman and Calabrian clans comes a day after the Carabinieri carried out a rare mafia-related swoop in central Umbria, arresting 61 suspected mobsters linked to the ‘Ndrangheta.
A lush region famed for its rolling countryside and Renaissance art, Umbria had long been regarded as a “happy island” immune from the mafia.
But investigators say the southern crime syndicate has infiltrated the local solar panel industry and other businesses in the renewable energy sector, a frequent target of mobsters eager to cash in on state subsidies and launder profits made from drug trafficking.
Officials praised local businesses for cooperating in the investigation, noting that elsewhere in Italy people preyed on by the mafia are reluctant to do so for fear of retaliation.
Police said the mob had used arson and threats to force its way into Umbrian businesses, in some cases leaving petrol and severed lambs’ heads outside shops and private homes. Others were reminded of the ‘Ndrangheta’s habit of “burying opponents in cement”.
By Thursday, the string of mafia-related arrests had extended to Sardinia, where the owners of a waste-processing plant were detained in connection with the Roman probe.
Reports of the latest mafia swoops have dominated Italian newspaper headlines for days, putting pressure on Prime Minister Matteo Renzi to come up with a suitable response.
POLICE SWOOP ON ‘LORD OF THE WINDS’
Renzi, 39, has vowed to stiffen penalties for wrongdoers, speed up legal proceedings, and evict the bad apples from his ruling Democratic Party (PD).
Analysts have warned that he will need to act fast to stem the scandal, which has undermined his efforts to break the mould of Italian politics. But few Italians expect to see a breakthrough in the battle against organised crime.
“Capital Mafia” has prompted yet another bout of soul-searching in a country accustomed to tales of collusion between politicians and the mob, adding to the general sense of impotence.
“Officials like to trumpet the arrest of dozens of mafiosi, but the truth is that criminal networks continue to infiltrate Italy’s economy and political establishment,” said La Repubblica’s Favale. “Clearly something isn’t working in our strategy to combat the mafia.”
FONTE | SOURCE:
ITALY – ‘Capital Mafia’: Rome mobster probe spreads across Italy, FRANCE 24 (11|12|2014).
2). EUROPE – Italy Gasps as Inquiry Reveals Mob’s Long Reach, THE NEW YORK TIMES (12|12|2014), p. A16.
ROME — Shortly after Rome’s municipal elections last year, Massimo Carminati, a reputed mobster better known as The Pirate or The Blind One for having lost an eye in a shootout years ago, passed along some advice about how to deal with City Hall’s fresh stock of administrators and politicians.
“You tell them, now that we’ve done this one thing, what are your next plans?” he told a contact in June 2013. “What do you need? What can I do? How can I make money?
“You need me to dig ditches? Erect billboards?” he continued, gathering steam as his language turned coarse. “Fine, I’ll do it, because if I then find out that someone else did it — do you understand? — then it becomes something unpleasant.”
That conversation and scores of others, intercepted by investigators, have added a splash of color to an otherwise dark two-year inquiry that resulted last week in the arrest of Mr. Carminati and 36 others accused of bullying their way into dozens of lucrative public tenders in the Italian capital.
Even for a country where corruption is taken for granted as a part of daily life, the revelations have stunned citizens — for uncovering a wholly new criminal ring smack in the heart of the capital, and for the staggering array of charges involving politicians across the spectrum.
The inquiry has blossomed into a national scandal and a reminder that virtually no corner of Italy is immune to criminal penetration. It has also raised fresh questions about Italy’s ability ever to reform itself and fulfill the demands for fiscal responsibility demanded by its eurozone partners.
The widespread and unchecked corruption of public money revealed by the inquiry has helped bloat Italy’s national debt to one of the highest levels in Europe.
Mr. Carminati and his associates are accused of infiltrating contracts for a wide assortment of tasks including garbage collection and park maintenance. The charges cover a gamut of activities — vote rigging, usury, extortion and embezzlement. Rome’s chief prosecutor, Giuseppe Pignatone, told Italy’s anti-Mafia commission Thursday that new operations were imminent.
Mr. Carminati and his ring, prosecutors charge, profited even from the national immigration emergency that has swelled Italy’s shores with refugees fleeing war and poverty, by muscling in on immigrant and refugee reception centers.
“Do you have any idea how much I make on the immigrants?” one purported associate, Salvatore Buzzi, is heard saying in another of the prosecutors’ recordings. “Drug trafficking is not as profitable.”
Mr. Buzzi is head of a social cooperative that managed services at the temporary reception centers and Roma camps, a business he claimed was worth 40 million euros, or about $50 million, to the criminal organization.
He and dozens of other city administrators and civil servants, along with politicians, businesspeople and convicted criminals, have now been swept up in the widening investigation.
For a week now, Italian newspapers — culling primarily from a nearly 1,200-page arrest warrant — have churned out fresh revelations that read like a lurid 19th-century serial novel of criminal intrigue and depravity, even exploiting society’s weakest links.
Prosecutors dubbed the new crime gang Mafia Capitale, comparing the organization to Italy’s traditional mobs: the Mafia, the Camorra and the ’Ndrangheta, for its use of intimidation tactics.
The Italian news media, however, rechristened the inquiry as the “Middle-earth investigation,” an allusion to the fictional universe of J. R. R. Tolkien, elaborating on Mr. Carminati’s purported worldview.
“It’s the Middle-earth theory, cumpá,” Mr. Carminati told an associate in another wiretapped conservation, using the southern Italian slang for friend. “As they say, the living are above, and the dead are below. And we’re in the middle.”
Mr. Pignatone, the prosecutor, interpreted the concept at a news conference last week. “This is Carminati’s organization,” he said. “It speaks with the world above” — alluding to the social strata that count — “it speaks with the world below, the criminal world. And it serves the first world using the second.”
Mr. Carminati was not unknown to law enforcement officials. He was convicted years ago for his association in the late 1970s and ’80s with an extremist right-wing terrorist group, the Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari, as well as with a notorious criminal gang active in Rome, the Banda della Magliana.
But when it came to corruption, prosecutors charge, Mr. Carminati was above partisan politics — profiting from the left, right and center.
The investigation has prompted the resignations of several politicians from various parties, including Rome’s former right-wing mayor, Gianni Alemanno, who governed the city from 2008 to 2013, when the criminal organization flourished.
Prosecutors claim that some of Mr. Alemanno’s closest allies — some with old ties to the political extremism that marked the “years of lead” of the 1970s and ’80s — were full-fledged members of the criminal association. The former mayor denies any wrongdoing.
After several party members were arrested, Prime Minister Matteo Renzi put the Rome faction of his Democratic Party under the emergency administration of the national president, Matteo Orfini, even as he pledged to toughen laws to fight corruption.
“The corrupt will pay for everything, until the last day, until the last penny,” Mr. Renzi said on his Twitter account Tuesday.
Even so, though organized crime is generally associated with Italy’s southern regions, for years now the mob groups have been migrating north, as various investigations and dragnets show.
On Wednesday, the police arrested 54 people in the central Umbria region, as part of an inquiry into the southern ’Ndrangheta crime syndicate, which investigators say had infiltrated the local economy.
And the arrests there and in Rome fall on the heels of alleged political malfeasance in two important public works projects in Venice and Milan.
According to a report released this month by the watchdog Transparency International, Italy ranks among the worst in Europe — sharing 69th place with Greece, Bulgaria and Romania — out of 174 worldwide countries on the scale of perceived public sector corruption.
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Even to jaded observers, the scope of the scandal in Rome came as a surprise.
“Criminal affairs in Rome have existed since the times of the Caesars,” said Giancarlo De Cataldo, a magistrate whose 2013 novel about corruption in the capital, “Suburra,” written with an investigative journalist, Carlo Bonini, has sold out in bookstores since the scandal erupted.
Today’s culprits are merely the heirs of ancient reprobates, he said, though the case proved that in some cases “reality far surpasses fiction,” he added.
The revelations relating to the immigrant emergency were particularly stinging. Among those arrested was also a top-ranking administrator who sat on the national board that oversees the immigrant emergency.
“That’s the incredible thing of this story — they transformed a national emergency into a business, relying on institutional references,” said Claudio Gatti, a reporter who wrote about the immigration scheme for the economic daily Il Sole 24 Ore. “It’s the system that underpins this country, cronyism.”
In the wake of the allegations, inspectors have continued to comb Rome’s City Council offices, scrutinizing public works contracts for possible Mafia infiltration. Nicola Zingaretti, the governor of Lazio, the region that includes Rome, halted the awarding of regional contracts and began an internal investigation.
The current center-left mayor, Ignazio Marino, has emerged from the investigation unscathed and has pledged to root out the “rotten apples” in a system that he says was otherwise healthy.
Others counter that Rome is essentially an ungovernable city, providing fertile ground in which criminality thrives. To some, the scandal has also made clear to many Rome residents why the city seemed so shabby of late.
“This Mafia infiltrated municipal agencies,” putting loyal but inept people in top positions so they could “drain the coffers without providing services,” said the investigative journalist Lirio Abbate, who wrote an exposé about Mr. Carminati and other reputed Roman crime bosses for the newsmagazine L’Espresso two years ago.
“This has created huge damage to the collectivity, because the streets are full of holes and garbage, there’s no maintenance to speak of, and the city has to increase taxes to stay afloat,” he said. “In the end, the residents lose the most.”
FONTE | SOURCE:
EUROPE – Italy Gasps as Inquiry Reveals Mob’s Long Reach, THE NEW YORK TIMES (12|12|2014), p. A16.
3). ROMA «MAFIA CAPITALE» VISTA DAL MONDO, Il New York Times: «Non c’è angolo d’Italia immune da crimine», CORRIERE DELLA SERA (12|12|2014).
Nell’edizione internazionale l’NYT commenta l’inchiesta sulla corruzione e gli appalti pilotati che ha portato a 37 arresti a Roma: «Il boss dava istruzioni dopo le elezioni in Campidoglio: “Chiamate i neoeletti e dite loro: che te serve?’»
ROMA – L’inchiesta sulla corruzione a Roma «sta a ricordare che, virtualmente, non c’è angolo dell’Italia che sia immune dall’infiltrazione criminale»: è il commento pubblicato nell’edizione internazionale del New York Times in una corrispondenza da Roma di Elisabetta Povoledo apparsa in prima pagina. Analizzando quanto accaduto nella Capitale negli ultimi dieci giorni, da quando il 2 dicembre sono scattati i 37 arresti per l’inchiesta che vede indagati un centinaio tra malavitosi, manager delle aziende municipalizzate e politici romani, il quotidiano statunitense spiega che l’inchiesta rivela uno scandalo nazionale e sottolinea come «virtually no corner of Italy is immune to criminal penetration».
«Incapaci di riformare il sistema e il fisco»
Non solo, secondo Il New Yor Times, le indagini della Procura di Roma rilanciano interrogativi «about Italy’s ability ever to reform itself and fulfill the demands for fiscal responsibility», ovvero sull’affidabilità del Belpaese in merito alla richiesta di una maggior responsabilità in campo fiscale chiesta dai soci dell’Eurozona. E ricorda che poco dopo le elezioni comunali del 2013 (Marino era stato eletto a marzo), il boss Massimo Carminati dava nai suoi «collaboratori» della banda istruzioni su come trattare con i neoeletti rappresentanti in Campidoglio: «Dite loro che abbiamo fatto questo e quello… e chiedete quali sono i loro progetti – diceva intercettato nel giugno 2013 – Chiedete: che te serve? Che posso fa’ per te? ».
«La corruzione all’origine del debito pubblico»
E commentando la grande mole di intercettazioni, il quotidiano Usa scrive: «Perfino per un Paese in cui la corruzione è data per scontata nella vita quotidiana, le rivelazioni hanno sbalordito i cittadini». E il giornale non ha dubbi: «La diffusa e incontrollata corruzione, con sottrazione di fondi pubblici rivelata dall’inchiesta è un’esempio della situazione che ha portato il debito pubblico dell’Italia ad uno dei livelli più alti in Europa».
FONTE | SOURCE:
— ROMA «MAFIA CAPITALE» VISTA DAL MONDO, Il New York Times: «Non c’è angolo d’Italia immune da crimine», CORRIERE DELLA SERA (12|12|2014).
4). ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA. Mafia Capitale: News resources for the recent criminal political corruption activities witin Italy’s Italian Ministry of Culture Heritage and the Municapility of the City of Rome (c. 2008-present).
– ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA. Mafia Capitale: Annamaria Buzzi, MIBACT – Direzione della valorizzazione, sorella di Salvatore Buzzi, ora lady Buzzi rischia. LINKIESTA (12|12|2014).
— ROMA, IL DIRETTORE GENERALE – Direzione Generale per la Valorizzazione del Patrimonio Culturale, Direttore Generale: Anna Maria BUZZI [MIBACT] (12|12|2014).
— ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA. Mafia Capitale: Carminati ‘la spalla’ e Salvatore Buzzi sono sono parte attiva anche nella gestione del Comune di Roma sotto Ignazio Marino. E l’assessore Morgante diventa un ostacolo da eliminare, LA REPUBBLICA (11|12|2014). Nota: Foto di Salvatore Buzzi & Luigi Nieri, Vice-sindaco Comune di Roma, IL MESS. (03|07|2013).
— ROMA BENI CULTURALI: Bilancio, spunta il «tesoretto» In cassa ci sono 85 milioni | Giunta Bilancio, la rivolta degli assessori contro la Morgante, C.D.S & LA REP (01|04|2014).
— ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA. Mafia Capitale: Mafia Capitale, i rapporti (anche di parentela) tra l’arrestato Odevaine e Giovanna Melandri, LIBERA QUOTIDIANO.IT (09|12|2014).
— ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA. Mafia Capitale: Odevaine, “stipendio” da 5000 euro per moltiplicare i profughi, LA STAMPA (09|12|2014).
— ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA. Mafia Capitale: Dott.ssa Arch. Federica Galloni, DIREZIONE REGIONALE PER I BENI CULTURALI E PAESAGGISTICI DEL LAZIO (16 aprile 2010 – oggi), & “Galloni …[ex-] l’amante di Paolo Berlusconi” (11|2014).
— ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA. Mafia Capitale: Giancarlo Galan, Ex-Ministro per i Beni e le Attività Culturali (23|03 – 16|11|2011), Arresto Dell’ Ex Governatore Veneto, Accusanto di Corruzione, LA REPUBBLICA (23|07|2014), p. 1. | foto: ArcheoNews (Ottobre 2011).
— ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA. Mafia Capitale: Rubo 5 milioni al ministero, Luigi Germani funzionario arrestato, in fuga dopo un telegramma di dimissioni: rintracciato a Milano. La Repubblica (24/10/2012), p. 10.
— ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA. Mafia Capitale: (2008-2011): 5,000,000 Euros Stolen – Latium Office of Director General; 100’s of Rare Volume’s Stolen – the Naple’s Library; & 40,000 Euro Stolen – Rome, Palatine Hill; etc. Anything Else?