ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: PARCO DEI FORI IMPERIALI & VIA DEI MONTI di G. Giovannoni, G. Boni, C. Ricci & V. Morpurgo (1911-13 & 1919|1924), Foto: “Dall’ alto dell Palatino, Giacomo Boni spiega al Presidente Alvear (Argentina) il Foro Romano,” (1922).
– Roma, Parco dei Fori – “Restauri di innovazione” 1913: Architetto & Archeologo Integrale = “Restauri di innovazione di Prof. Arch. Gustavo Giovannoni (1913)” + “Esplorazioni stratigrafiche di Prof. Giacomo Boni (1913 )” + “…Un minimo di demolizione e un massimo di resultato archeologico e monumentale di Prof. Corrado Ricci (1912)” + “…’Ricostruire le aree archeologiche’ con percorsi e insiemi arborei, diposti secondo schemi didattico-ricostruttivi [reversibilità l’anastilosi] di Prof. G. Boni (1891).” s.v., Nota 1.
– Rome, The Archaeological | Natural Park of the Imperial Fora – “Innovative Restoration” 1913: the Architect & the Archaeologist| Integrated = Prof. Arch. Gustavo Giovannoni, “Innovative Restoration” (1913) + Prof. Giacomo Boni, “Stratagraphic Explorations”, (1913 ) + Prof. Corrado Ricci, “A minimum of demolition, a maximum of archaeological results and monumental effect,” + Prof. G. Boni, “Redeveloping the archaeological areas with pathways and trees, educational materials and reconstructions [& reverse anastylosis],” (1891). See: Note 1.
s.v., Parco dei Fori Imperiali e Giacomo Boni 1913, 1905, 1901 & 1891:
“…The literature on the subject has not increased notably, except by an Italian edition of Prof. [Christian] Hulsen’s work on the Forum, and the official reports consist of the publication of a single inscription (Not. Scav. 1904, 106). But Comm. Boni’s idea of forming in the new museum [of the Roman Forum] a reference library and a collection of photographs of Roman monuments from all parts of the Roman world is a good one. Such a collection will be of very considerable use to students, if can combine completeness with simplicity of arrangement. There will, of course, be plans and photographs of the Forum itself, and of drawings and views, from the fifteenth century onwards, relating to it, many of which are of greatest value for the study of the subject. Comm. Boni’s appeal to those who are interested in it to contribute any books, publications or photographs that have any bearing upon it, and it is to be hoped that further help will be forthcoming towards the formation of the collection.”
Prof. Thomas Ashby, Jr.; “RECENT EXCAVATIONS IN ROME,” THE CLASSICAL REVIEW (1906), p. 328.
“This combination of study, research, survey, recording, practical intervention and cultural exchange made up Boni’s [= Prof. Giacomo Boni – the Archaeological Director of the Roman Forum: 1898-1925] all-round knowledge and fair judgment on historic buildings, which he was never afraid of defending, saving many important buildings from demolition. To complete this extensive scientific and methodological rigor Boni had the capacity to cross reference information from different documentary and physical sources (classical sources, previous explorations, paintings, geology) and an incredible intuition that sometimes was not well understood and was taken as arbitrary interpretation. He did not leave his work in the mere discovery phase, but tried to analyze and to interpret the results, making a great contribution in the debate of the time.” (…) “The main criticism to Boni is that he did not publish more on his work (probably due to lack of time but mainly lack of collaborators willing to disseminate his findings). He compensated for this however by publishing a few important writings, like the one he published in 1901 on archaeological investigation methods: Il Metodo (Boni 1901 [republished in 1913]). In this publication, Boni makes clear how he privileges material evidence. This text discusses the stratigraphic archaeological excavation methodology. Boni had applied a similar approach in the Museo Forense [= The Museum and Antiquarium of the Roman Forum: 1900-1907], but instead of ground excavation, the stratigraphic sections have now been done in elevation. This example stressed the importance of conserving in situ not only the remains, but also some sections that show the stratification over the time. This method also enables the appreciation and research of remains that are not well understood at the time, but which may be understood by future generations.”
Dr. Arch. Cristina Gonzalez-Longo, “Giacomo Boni at the Museo Forense: Construction History as a Source for Architectural Innovation,” in: Dunkeld et al. editors, Proc. Second Int. Congress on Construction History. Cambridge, Exeter: Short Run Press, (2006), p. 1341 of pp. 1341–1362
Nota 1| Note 1 =
I). G. Giovannoni (1913), “V. restauri di innovazione,” in: ‘Restauri di monumenti’, Bollettino D’ Arte, Fasc. I-II, (1913) pp. 32-49 of pp. 1-42;
http://wp.me/pPRv6-2e5 & http://www.bollettinodarte.beniculturali.it/opencms/export/BollettinoArteIt/sito-BollettinoArteIt/Contributi/Editoria/BollettinoArte/Fascicoli/Fascicoli-Serie-I/visualizza_asset.html_1695903579.html ;
II). G. Boni (1913|1901), “Esplorazioni stratigrafiche”, in: “Il ‘Metodo’ Nelle Esplorazioni Archeologiche,” Bollettino D’ Arte, Fasc. I-II, (1913) pp. 1-57 of pp. 1-67;
also see: G. Boni, “Il metodo dello scavo archeologico,” in Nuova Antologia, 19 luglio (1901), pp. 312-323;
http://wp.me/pPRv6-2e5 & http://www.bollettinodarte.beniculturali.it/opencms/export/BollettinoArteIt/sito-BollettinoArteIt/Contributi/Editoria/BollettinoArte/Fascicoli/Fascicoli-Serie-I/visualizza_asset.html_1695903579.html
III). C. Ricci (1912), “Un minimo di demolizione,” etc., Prof. Thomas Ashby, Jr; “Archaeological Research in Italy. I. — Rome In 1912.” Letters to the editor of the Times. THE TIMES OF LONDON, December 26th (1912), p. 7;
Prof. Corrado Ricci, “Per l’ isolamento e la redenzione dei resti dei Fori Imperiali,” Bollettino D’ Arte, Fasc. 12, (1911) p. 449 of pp. 445-455.
Also see: Edwin Williams, “The Capitoline Hill at Rome: Its Problems and the Imminent Solution of Them,” THE TOWN PLANNING REVIEW, Vol. 11 | No. 4 (Feb., 1926), pp. 213-242.
IV). G. Boni (1891), “Ricostruire le aree archeologiche,” etc., G. Boni, “Il Catasto dei monumenti in Italia,” Archivo storico dell’ arte, IV (1891), pp. 417-424; in: Prof. Arch. Daniela Esposito, “Archeologia Romana, Politiche, Instituzioni e Attivita`,” Storia urbana, N. 124, (2009), p. 103, n. 33 of pp. 93-121; Daniela Esposito (2013),
V). V. Morpurgo (1919|1924), “Via dei Monti 1919-20 | 1924″ = “Roma, Planimetria del Centro della Citta’ Prima del 1924,” Fondo Morpurgo (Pianta generale – G. Lugli. La zona archeologica di Roma [ed. 1924]). S. Diebner, BULL. COMM. 111 (2011), Fig. 1 | p. 154).