Rome, the ‘I Fori Imperiali,’ the ‘Il Quartiere Alessandrina’, and the ‘Via dei Fori Imperiali’: The Documentation and Dissemination of the Scholarly Research and Related Studies (1993-2013). M. G. Conde, Washington DC, USA (September 2014).

 

Rome, the ‘I Fori Imperiali,’ the ‘Il Quartiere Alessandrina’, and the ‘Via dei Fori Imperiali’: The Documentation and Dissemination of the Scholarly Research and Related Studies (1993-2013). M. G. Conde, Washington DC, USA (Sptember 2014).

Fonte | Foto | Source:

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA – PLANIMETRE DELL’ AREA FORI IMPERIALI (1998-2012): SSBAR/SITAR (2012), GOOGLE EARTH (2011), ALBERTO ANGELA (2010), DR. ARCH. GIULIO TESTORI (2007), labUR – ROMA TRE (2007), DR. ARCH. BARBARA BALDRATI (2004), DR. SILVANA RIZZO (1999), & PROF. ARCH. ITALO GISMONDI (1941/1933), By. M. G. Conde (2013). https://www.flickr.com/photos/imperial_fora_of_rome/8708115515/

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“A well-constructed method is of the highest importance in all Archaeological explorations, and in the case of the [Roman] Forum, it is more than ordinarily necessary, on the complex character of the excavations. Many strata are represented in the twenty-centuries of eventual life demanding investigation, strata often complicated by natural irregularity of the ground.” (…) “The excavations have gone far enough to show us that the ruined buildings above the ground are but the last chapter of a long period of human history.”

Prof. Arch. Giacomo Boni, in “I. Opening meeting – Strata of the Forum,” The Journal of British and American Archaeological Society of Rome, Rome, Vol. III, No. 3, (1901), pp. 97-8 of pp. 97-100.

— “…The literature on the subject has not increased notably, except by an Italian edition of Prof. [Christian] Hulsen’s work on the Forum, and the official reports consist of the publication of a single inscription (Not. Scav. 1904, 106). But Comm. Boni’s idea of forming in the new museum [of the Roman Forum] a reference library and a collection of photographs of Roman monuments from all parts of the Roman world is a good one. Such a collection will be of very considerable use to students, if can combine completeness with simplicity of arrangement. There will, of course, be plans and photographs of the Forum itself, and of drawings and views, from the fifteenth century onwards, relating to it, many of which are of greatest value for the study of the subject. Comm. Boni’s appeal to those who are interested in it to contribute any books, publications or photographs that have any bearing upon it, and it is to be hoped that further help will be forthcoming towards the formation of the collection.”

Prof. Thomas Ashby, Jr.; “RECENT EXCAVATIONS IN ROME,” THE CLASSICAL REVIEW (1906), p. 328.

‘…To expose and exploit this heritage remained the urban policy through the early decades of Roma Capitale, and most emphatically so under the Fascist regime. “Surely, among the great expedients of Mussolini,” commented Baldini in 1932, “that of showing Rome to the Romans will remain on of the most memorable.” To the Romans … and to us. We do not recall enough that what we see and study the architectural history of Rome has been selected, cleaned up and staged for us by the planners and rulers of Third Rome. They were the ones who decided which past buildings were worth of preservation, and which expendable for the sake of progress; how much of excavated antiquity would be retained for show, and how much quickly buried again under paving or new construction. To be a creditable student of Roman antiquity or the Middle Ages, or the Renaissance and Baroque, should presuppose solid familiarity with modern Rome, its city archives, contemporary newspapers, journals.’

Prof. Arch. Spiro Kostof, “The Third Rome: The Polemics of Architectural History,” JSAH 33.3 (1973), p. 240 of pp. 239-250.

— “[Early 20th century] Rome became one of the most important places in the world for the development of archaeology. It was an international gathering place for scholars and a site of ongoing excavation. In time, the evolution of the science led to more exacting methods of preserving all historic structures, and the analytic tools that explained the riddles of ancient Rome were used to gain a more accurate understanding of the construction of buildings from subsequent eras. Gradually, the theory, technical disciplines, and practice of architectural conservation became a specialized study, with Rome as its center. The intellectual conflicts of the Renaissance had given birth to a new urban consciousness in which architectural preservation was regarded as a principal determinant of the city’s welfare.”

Prof. Arch. Anthony M. Tung, “PRESERVING THE WORLD’S GREAT CITIES: The Destruction and Renewal of the Historic Metropolis,” (2001).

— “An archaeological site survey allows for the detection of stratigraphic relationships, locations of archaeological finds, materials, building and manufacturing techniques and it is an essential stage in the understanding and interpreting of evolutional phases, in space and time. The analysis of the architectural history of an archaeological site cannot be based only on the ‘extrinsic documentation’, derived from iconography and archive-documentary sources. Instead, it should have recourse to the analysis of the preserved architectural text.”

Dr. Arch. Barbara Baldrati, “Caesar’s Forum, Rome. Architectural Survey, 2003.” In: ‘Historia Architectura,’ Rome, Italy (2009). *

“This combination of study, research, survey, recording, practical intervention and cultural exchange made up Boni’s [= Prof. Giacomo Boni – the Archaeological Director of the Roman Forum: 1898-1925] all-round knowledge and fair judgment on historic buildings, which he was never afraid of defending, saving many important buildings from demolition. To complete this extensive scientific and methodological rigor Boni had the capacity to cross reference information from different documentary and physical sources (classical sources, previous explorations, paintings, geology) and an incredible intuition that sometimes was not well understood and was taken as arbitrary interpretation. He did not leave his work in the mere discovery phase, but tried to analyze and to interpret the results, making a great contribution in the debate of the time.” (…) “The main criticism to Boni is that he did not publish more on his work (probably due to lack of time but mainly lack of collaborators willing to disseminate his findings). He compensated for this however by publishing a few important writings, like the one he published in 1901 on archaeological investigation methods: Il Metodo (Boni 1901 [republished in 1913]). In this publication, Boni makes clear how he privileges material evidence. This text discusses the stratigraphic archaeological excavation methodology. Boni had applied a similar approach in the Museo Forense [= The Museum and Antiquarium of the Roman Forum: 1900-1907], but instead of ground excavation, the stratigraphic sections have now been done in elevation. This example stressed the importance of conserving in situ not only the remains, but also some sections that show the stratification over the time. This method also enables the appreciation and research of remains that are not well understood at the time, but which may be understood by future generations.”

Dr. Arch. Cristina Gonzalez-Longo, “Giacomo Boni at the Museo Forense: Construction History as a Source for Architectural Innovation,” in: Dunkeld et al. editors, Proc. Second Int. Congress on Construction History. Cambridge, Exeter: Short Run Press, (2006), p. 1341 of pp. 1341–1362.*

“…A study of the ‘in situ’ data [located in the Forum of Trajan], together with an analysis of literary and bibliographical sources and new documentation allowed for a topographical reconstruction that identified the chronological phases of the more important periods, with particular focus on the connections and possible influences of the conspicuous Imperial remains which, amongst other things, testify to the history of the Roman structures, the temporal vicissitudes by which they were gradually affected, their disappearance, phases of de-population, collapse and re-use, ignored by scholars to date.”

Dr. Arch. Maria Grazia Ercolino, “In situ preservation and urban stratigraphy: Trajan’s Forum in Rome,” pp. 233-244, in: Henk Kars and Robert M. van Heerington (eds.), ‘Preserving archaeological remains in situ.’ Proceeding of the 3rd conference, 7-9 December 2006, Amsterdam, Geoarchaeological and Bioarcheological Studies, Vol. 10 (2008).*

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* Note: Dr. Arch. Barbara Baldrati, Dr. Arch. Cristina Gonzalez-Longo, & Dr. Arch. Maria Grazia Ercolino, these three Italian [restoration] architects are recent or former graduates from the “Scuola di Specializzazione in Restauro dei Monumenti | Dipartimento di Storia dell’Architettura, Restauro e Conservazione dei Beni Architettonici,” La Sapienza University of Rome.

See: ROMA RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA e ARCHEOLOGIA: prof. arch Gustavo Giovannoni, ‘Restauri di monumenti’ & prof. arch. Giacomo Boni, ‘Il «metodo» nelle esplorazioni archeologiche,’ pp. 1-42 & 43-67, in: BOLL. D’ ARTE, fasc. I-II (1913), [PDF] pp. 1-42 & 43-67. http://wp.me/pPRv6-2e5

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Rome, the ‘I Fori Imperiali,’ the ‘Il Quartiere Alessandrina’, and the ‘Via dei Fori Imperiali’: The Documentation and Dissemination of the Scholarly Research and Related Studies (1993-2013). M. G. Conde, Washington DC, USA (September 2014).

A Collection of over 5000  General News items, Scholarly Reports, Documents, Archives, Contemporay & Historic Photographs and Topographical and Cartographical Plans relating to the studies and excavations conducted between 1999 and 2013 (including later 2014) for the Imperial Forums, the Markets of Trajan, the former Alessandrina Quarter, the Via dei Monti, the Via Dell Impero, the Via dei Fori Imperiali, the Museum of the Imperial Forums, the Visitor Center of the Imperial Forums, amd the Metro C Subway Project (area Imperial Fora).

________

I. Rome, The Imperial Fora (2007 onwards) in: the “Fori Imperiali,” of the: Sovrintendenza Capitolina ai Beni Culturali,’ Roma (2007) [text only available in Italian].
http://www.sovraintendenzaroma.it/i_luoghi/roma_antica/aree_archeologiche/fori_imperiali

II. Rome, the Imperial Fora, the Markets of Trajan, & the Museum of the Imperial Fora (2007 onwards), the: Sovrintendenza Capitolina ai Beni Culturali,’ Roma (2007) [text available in Italian | English].
Ital. = http://www.mercatiditraiano.it/ Eng. = http://en.mercatiditraiano.it/
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1. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Museum of the Imperial Fora, 1995 onwards: Collection of 225 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historical Photographs, by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards) https://www.flickr.com/photos/imperial_fora_of_rome/sets/72157620836021405/

1.1. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Museum of the Imperial Fora, 1999 onwards: Collection of 43 Plans and Photographs for the studies and recompostion of various marble architectural & sculptural elements located in the Museum of the Imperial Forums, as designed by Dr. Archit. Barbara Baldrati, et. al., 1999-2000, by M. G. Conde, 2009 onwards.

1.2. Rome - The Markets of Trajan / Museum of the Imperial Fora: Dr. Arch. Barbara Baldrati "il Laboratorio srl": The Studies, Drawings, and Recomposition of the Marble Architectural Sculptural Elements of the Imperial Fora (1999-2002).

1.2. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the small Visitor Center of the Imperial Fora, 1999 onwards: Collection of 175 of General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historical Photographs, by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards). https://www.flickr.com/photos/imperial_fora_of_rome/sets/72157594250936517/

1.3. Rome, the Imperial Fora, the Museum of the Imperial Fora, and the Imperial Fora Project, 1995 onwards: Collection of 41 General News items & Scholars Reports [documents in PDF] and Contemporay & Historical Photographs, by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards) https://www.flickr.com/photos/imperial_fora_of_rome/sets/72157627608005569/

1.4. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Imperial Fora Project, 1999-2000: Collection of 68 photographs | screenshots from the former webpage of: CAPITOLIUM.ORG (May 1999) showng the progress of the then archaeological excavations in the area of the Imperial Fora, by M. G. Conde (1999-2000).

Rome, The Imperial Fora (1999-2000): Foto's of the Imperial Fora excavations by the web camera of the City of Rome's "CAPITOLIUM.ORG" (1999-2000). By: Martin G. Conde (1999-2000).

1.5. Rome, the Imperial Fora and Medieval Archaeology in Rome, 1995 onwards: Collection of 101 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay (& Historical Photographs) relating to The Crypta Balbi Museum of Rome and the Imperial Fora in the Middle Ages, by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards).

CRYPTA BALBI - DUE NUOVE STANZE. Botteghe oscure, Riscoperti ambienti sepolti nel VII secolo e visibili da oggi. LEGGO ROMA (27/07/2011), p. 21 [PDF pp. 1-2].

1.6. Rome, the Imperial Fora, the Museum of the Imperial Fora, and the Imperial Fora Project, 2013 onwards: Collection of 173 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay (& Historical Photographs) relating to the Mayor of Rome, Ignazio Marino and the Imperial Fora Project, by M. G. Conde (2013 onwards).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTUARO ARCHITETTURA: "What's a Marino?" - Ignazio Marino a San Francisco. Ma negli Usa non se ne parla la stampa locale ancora non accenna nemmeno alla sua visita, CINQUE QOUTIDIANO (12|09|2014).

2. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Forum of Caesar, 1998-1999 onwards: Collection of 152 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Photographs relating to the studies and excavations in the Forum of Caesar, by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards).

Rome - Forum of Caesar: Excavations, Discoveries (1998-2009) / Part.1 - Pre-Existance / Bronze & Iron Age (12-10th B.C).  Dec. 2008 / Conference - "IL FORO DI CESARE – NUOVI DATI DA SCAVI E STUDI RECENTI (17.12.2008)."

2.1. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Forum of Caesar, 1998-1999 onwards: Collection of 189 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Photographs relating to the recent studies and excavation in the Forum of Caesar, 1998 onwards and 1928-1934, by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA: Foro di Cesare / Tempio di Venere Genitrice - Sotto il Segno di Venere; di Patrizia Maista & Massima Vitti [Museo dei Fori Imperiali], ARCHEO - no. 318 / Agosto 2011, pp. 28-38. [foto 1 di 8].

2.3. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Forum of Caesar, 1998-1999 onwards: Collection of 41 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Photographs relating to the recent studies and excavation in the Forum of Caesar, and the construction of the tunnel between the Forum of Caesar and the Forum of Trajan, 1998, by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: I Fori Imperiali, oltre 15mila reperti archeologicI nascosti in un magazzino, LA REPUBBLICA (01|05|2015), & ROMA - I gioielli del Museo dei Fori diecimila reperti di Roma antica,  CORRIERE DELLA SERA (21|09|2004)

2.4. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Forum of Caesar, 2002-04: Collection of 42 AutoCAD Designs and Photographs by DR. ARCH. BARBARA BALDRATI: “CAESAR’S FORUM – ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY / AutoCAD design, Rome, Italy (2003),” relating to Dr. Baldrati’s recent studies 2002-04, by M. G. Conde (2009 onwards).

ROME - THE IMPERIAL FORA: FORUM OF CAESAR - ARCH. BARBARA BALDRATI: CAESAR'S FORUM - ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY / AutoCAD design (2003). © Tutti i diritti riservati 2009.

2.5. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Forum of Caesar, 2002-04: Collection of 23 Photographs by DR. ARCH. BARBARA BALDRATI: “CAESAR’S FORUM – ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY / AutoCAD design, Rome, Italy (2003),” relating to Dr. Baldrati’s recent studies 2002-04, & other related scholarly materials, etc., by M. G. Conde (2009 onwards).

ROME - THE IMPERIAL FORA: FORUM OF CAESAR AND TEMPLE OF VENUS GENETRIX / FOTO ARCH. DOTT.SSA BARBARA BALDRATI (2003-2004) © Tutti i diritti riservati 2009.

3. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Forum of Augustus, 1998-1999 onwards: Collection of 183 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historical Photographs relating to the studies and excavations in the Forum of Caesar, by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards).

Rome - the Imperial Fora: Forum of Augustus Excavations (2004-2006).

3.1. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Forum of Augustus, 2002 onwards: Collection of 9 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay Historic Photographs relating to the studies of the “Digital Augustan Rome [Project 2009]” & Prof. Lothar Haselberger (ed.), Journal of Roman Archaeology Supplement (50), 2002. 277 pages + 2 folded maps, by M. G. Conde, 2002 onwards.

“Digital Augustan Rome [2009]” & Prof. Lothar Haselberger (ed.), Journal of Roman Archaeology Supplement (50), 2002. 277 pages + 2 folded maps.

3.2. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Forum of Augustus, 2014 onwards: Collection of 40 General News items & Photographs relating to The Ara Pacis of Rome and the Illumination of the Monument in Color (August 2014), by M. G. Conde, 2014 onwards.

ROMA RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: "Roma e` nel suo splendore! Straniero, riempiti gli occhi," di Properzio. Roma -  "Ieri sera, in occasione della illuminazione dell'ara pacis (bimillenario della morte di Augusto). Foto: Gianni De Dominicis, Roma (19|08|2014).

4. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Forum of Peace | Temple of Peace (Sector C), 1998-1999 onwards: Collection of 105 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to the studies and excavations in the Forum of Peace | Temple of Peace (Sector C), by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Foro della pace, le "nuove" colonne - Dopo circa otto mesi di lavori si è conclusa l'anastilosi delle sette colonne del Foro della Pace, LA REPUBBLICA (12|12|2015) &  Foto: G. Napoli | ADNKRONOS, (aprile 1999

4.1. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Forum of Peace | Temple of Peace (Sector B), 1998-1999 onwards: Collection of 55 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historical Photographs relating to the studies and excavations in the Forum of Peace | Temple of Peace (Sector B), by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards).

ROME - IMPERIAL FORA. The Temple of Peace (Area B). Excavations & Related studies (1998-2007).

4.2. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Forum of Peace | Temple of Peace (Sector A), 1998-1999 onwards: Collection of 210 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historical Photographs relating to the studies and excavations in the Forum of Peace | Temple of Peace (Sector A), by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA:  Il Foro o Tempio della Pace - Scavi (2014) | Foto: Archeologia Urbana e di Archeologia Medievale dell'Università di Roma Tre | "Roma 3 Scavi" FACEBOOK (08|2014).

4.4. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Forum of Peace | Temple of Peace & the FORMA URBIS ROMAE, 1998-1999 onwards: Collection of 104 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historical Photographs relating to the studies and excavations of the FORMA URBIS ROMAE in the Forum of Peace | Temple of Peace, by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGA, FORO E TEMPIO DELLA PACE: 'Statua d' avorio remerge ai Fori forse e` l' imperatore Marco Aurelio. Corriere Della Sera (16/11/2005), pp. 1 & 16. &  FORO E TEMPIO DELLA PACE: 'effige di Settimio Severo,' LA REPUBBLICA (23/06/2012).

5. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Forum of Nerva 1995 onwards: Collection of 248 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historical Photographs relating to the studies and excavations in the Forum of Nerva in 1998-2013, 1995-97, 1989, 1940, & 1928-31, etc., by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards).

ROME - THE FORUM OF NERVA: ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS & RELATED STUDIES (1995-2009).

6. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Forum of Trajan, 1995 onwards: Collection of 391 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to the studies and excavations in the Forum of Trajan, 1995 onwards, by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Veduta del Foro di Traiano e il Palazzo Valentini a volte prima del 1885.

6.1. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Forum of Trajan | The Temple of Divine Trajan | The Palazzo Valentini, 1995 onwards: Collection of 304 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to the studies and excavations in the Forum of Trajan | The Temple of Divine Trajan | The Palazzo Valentini, 1995 onwards, by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA: Piazza Venezia - Tra la fine del 1800 e l’inizio del 1900, a seguito della realizzazione del monumento a Vittorio Emanuele II & Piazza Venezia (2009-13),  RADICI DEL PRESENTE (2013) & Pietro Strorti - Trivioquadrivio (2013).

6.2. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Forum of Trajan | The Basilica Ulpia | The Palazzo Roccagiovine | The Alda Fendi Foundation, 2002 onwards: Collection of 40 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to the studies and excavations in the Forum of Trajan | The Basilica Ulpia | The Palazzo Roccagiovine, etc., by M. G. Conde (2002 onwards).

Rome - the Forum of Trajan (2004-07): the Forum of Trajan / Basilica Ulpia / Palazzo Roccagiovine - Alda Fendi Foundation (Sponsor) / SSBAR / Istituto Centrale per il Restauro (2004-07).

6.3. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Forum of Trajan: Collection of 40 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to The Architectural Marble Fragments and Sculptural Elements Dating from Antiquity Discovered During the Excavations, 1998 onwards, etc., by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards).

Rome, Forum of Trajan: The Architectural and Sculptural Elements (1998-2008): A. Insalaco, La testa di Constantino e i nouvi scavi Fori Imperiali. FORMA URBIS (No. 9 / Sett. 2005), pp. 4-8 [1/ 5].

6.4. Rome, the Imperial Fora, the Forum of Trajan and the Column of Trajan (1907 to 2014): Collection of 76 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to studies and excavations of the Column of Trajan, since 1907 onwards, etc., by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards).

Rome - The Column of Trajan (1906-2006): G. Boni, Esplorazione del Forum Ulpium. Nsc (1907) : 361-427; & M. Bruno / F. Bianchi, La Colonna di Traiano all luce recenti indagini. PBSR 74 (2006) : 293, 320-322.

6.5. Rome, the Imperial Fora, the Forum of Trajan and The Basilica Ulpia (2007-08 onwards): Collection of 11 Contemporay Designs & Photographs for the Rome, La Sapienza University Project for the Museum Systemization of Collection of Artifacts Located in Museum Storage Collections located in the Basilica Ulpia, in: “ROMA, I FORI IMPERIALI | BASILICA ULPIA – Progetto di sistemazione e allestimento dei magazzini della Basilica Ulpia,” by Caterina Bigatton (et. alli.), La Sapienza University Rome (2007-08), Tav. I-XXIV; by M. G. Conde (2012 onwards).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA - I FORI IMPERIALI / BASILICA ULPIA - Copertina - Progetto di sistemazione e allestimento dei magazzini della Basilica Ulpia. Caterina Bigatton (et. alli.), La Sapienza (2007-08), Tav. I-XXIV.

6.6. Rome, the Imperial Fora, the Forum of Trajan and The Markets of Trajan (2006, 2010 & 2011): Collection of 27 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay Photographs relating to studies the “Colonia di Granchi” & the “La caccia alla volpe nascosta nella cisterna del Mercato di Traiano,” news of various animals living with the ruins of the Forum of Trajan and the Markets of Trajan (2006, 2010 & 2011), by M. G. Conde (2006 onwards).

The Forum and Market of Trajan: Animal Life Among the Ruins: the "Colonia di Granchi." (Winter 2006 & Spring 2010).

7. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Via dei Fori Imperiali (1944 onwards), the Via Dell’ Impero (1932-44), and Via dei Monti (1912-1925): Collection of 144 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to construction and design of the Via Dell’ Impero in the late 1920s and early 1930s, Part. 1 – “Via dell’impero. Nascita di una strada, demolizioni e scavi: 1930-1936. Scavi archeologici, sterri e demolizioni per l’apertura di via dell’Impero,” July 2009, etc., by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards).

Mussolini’s Rome - The ‘Via Dell’ Impero’ and the ‘Imperial Fora’ (1924-1940): The New Studies of the Fascist Systemization of the Imperial Forums; and the new Metro C Excavations at the Velia & Colosseum Valley (2006-11).

7.1. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Via dei Fori Imperiali (1944 onwards), the Via Dell’ Impero (1932-44), and Via dei Monti (1912-1925): Collection of 154 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to construction and design of the Via Dell’ Impero in the late 1920s and early 1930s, Part. 2 – “Roma – I Fori Imperiali: Mostra – “Roma – L’ invenzione dei Fori Imperiali – Demolizioni e scavi: 1924-1940.” (23 July- 23 November 2008), by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards).

Roma - I Fori Imperiali: Mostra - "Roma - L' invenzione dei Fori Imperiali - Demolizioni e scavi: 1924-1940." (23.07. - 23.11.2008). Exhibition & Photographs (with supplimentry visual documentation).

7.2. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Via dei Fori Imperiali & the Via Dell’ Impero (1928-1940): Collection of 86 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to studies of the documents and cataloguing of the 500 crates of artifiacts discovered in the area of Imperial Fora and elsewhere in the City of Rome between 1928 and 1940, part 3 – “Roma, Futuro Museo della Citta` – Dalle casse chiuse per 70 anni nuovi tesori della vecchia Roma,” by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards).

Roma -  Via dell' Impero / Fori Imperiali - Una piage del Archeologia Italiana - gli scavi inediti (1939-2009) - Indiana Jones ai Fori Imperiali, il Mistero delle 500 casse, Riemergono il reperti catalogati nel 1939. C.d.S.(12/09/2010, pg. 3).

7.3. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Via dei Fori Imperiali & the Via Dell’ Impero (1928-1940): Collection of 102 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to studies and excavation of the area of the former Velia Hill located between Temple of Peace and the Colosseum Valley between 1928 and 1933, by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards).

Roma, I Fori Imperiali / Colle Velia: Scavi archeologici, sterri e demolizioni per l’apertura di via dell’Impero (1928-1933).

7.4. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Via dei Fori Imperiali & the Via Dell’ Impero (1928-1940): Collection of 11 page of the report on the Via Dell’ Impero – AA.VV., ASPETTI DELLA ROMA MODERNA – “Le Via dell’ Impero e la Via dell’ Mare.” RASSEGNA DI ARCHITETURA, N. 7-8 (1933), pp. 308-319. Rome: BiASA (2010), by M. G. Conde (2011 onwards).

Roma - Via dell Impero & Via dell Mare: AA.VV., ASPETTI DELLA ROMA MODERNA - "Le Via dell' Impero e la Via dell' Mare." RASSEGNA DI ARCHITETURA, N. 7-8 (1933), pp. 308-319. Fonte/ source: BiASA, Roma 2010.

7.5. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Via dei Fori Imperiali & the Via Dell’ Impero (1944-46 onwards): Collection of 69 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to studies Via Dei Fori Imperiali since 1944-46 onwards and the Modern Urban and Archaeological Planning relating to the Imperial Fora Project in the late 1970s and the early 1980s, by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards).

ROMA - I FORI IMPERIALI: 'UNA PIAGA DEL ARCHEOLOGIA ITALIANA GLI SCAVI INEDITI (1924-2010). Foto: Archeo-rivisionismo Fori Imperiali (...) la via fascista?"IL GIORN. (31/07/2009).

7.6. Rome, the Imperial Fora and the Via dei Fori Imperiali, the Exhibit of “Rome – Forma / La città moderna e il suo passato,” (2004) (2004 onwards): Collection of 41 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to the Exhibit of “Rome – Forma / La città moderna e il suo passato,” (2004) & Prof. Paulette Singley, “Fascism Under Erasure: Fuksas’s Proposal for the Via dei Fori Imperiali,” (2004), by by M. G. Conde (2004-05 onwards).

ROME – THE IMPERIAL FORA: Mostra – ‘Forma / La città moderna e il suo passato (2004). Prof. Paulette Singley, Abstract – ‘Fascism Under Erasure: Fuksas's Proposal for the Via dei Fori Imperiali (2004).’

7.7. Rome, the Imperial Fora, the Via dei Fori Imperiali, prof. Antonio Cederna & “ROMA – IL DEGRADO DELLA CITTA’- Via dei Fori Imperiali, Belvedere Cederna, che brutto spettacolo,” (2007 onwards): Collection of 51 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to studies the Belvedere of Prof. Antonio Cederna in Rome (the palazzo Rivaldi) and the Abandonment and Neglect of the site of the Belvedere Cederna by the administration of the City of Rome (2007 onwards), by M. G. Conde (2007 onwards).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA: Antonio Cederna, l'instancabile; «Scrivo da sempre lo stesso articolo, finché le cose non cambieranno continuerò imperterrito a scrivere le stesse cose», di Antonio Cederna. IL FATTO QUOTIDIANO/ Patrimoniosos.it (11/08/2012).

8. Rome, the Imperial Fora, the Via dei Fori Imperiali, and the Rome Metro C Subway Line (2006 onwards): Collection of 9 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to studies the Rome Metro C Subway Line and the “Roma – Carta Geologica del Comune di Roma / Geological Map of the Municipality of Roma (scala /scale 1:50000). Coordinamento scientifico: R. Funiciello, G. Giordano, M. Mattei. Stampa / Printed 2008,” by M. G. Conde (2005 onwards).

Roma - Carta Geologica del Comune di Roma / Geological Map of the Municipality of Roma (scala /scale 1:50000). Coordinamento scientifico: R. Funiciello, G. Giordano, M. Mattei. Stampa / Printed 2008. [PDF pp. 1-2 (25.6 MB)]

8.1. Rome, the Imperial Fora, the Via dei Fori Imperiali, and the Rome Metro C Subway Line (2008 onwards): Collection of 35 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Photographs relating to the “Rome – Research Convention: Archaeology / Infrastructure (Archaeology & the Metropolitane C Line of Rome) – Economic Development & Cultural Patrimony, (21-22 October 2008),” by M. G. Conde (2008 onwards).

Rome, the Piazza Venezia: The Metro 'C' Archaeological Surveys (2006-2009) & The Archaeology / Infrastructure Conference (MIBAC/SSBAR 10.21/22.2009).

8.2. Rome, the Imperial Fora, the Via dei Fori Imperiali, and the Rome Metro C Subway Line (2006 onwards): Collection of 224 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to the general studies at the following Metro C Subway line sites of the “Chiesa Nuova, Largo Argentina, Pz. Venezia & Via di Cesare Battisti, Pz. Madonna di Loreto, Basilica Argentaria, & Via dei Fori Imperiali (Velia), (2006 onwards), by M. G. Conde (2008 onwards).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Metro C, cantieri chiusi e licenziamenti: «500 posti a rischio», CORRIERE DELLA SERA & METRO C SPA (05|02|2016).

8.3. Rome, the Imperial Fora, the Via dei Fori Imperiali, and the Rome Metro C Subway Line | Piazza Venezia | Pz. Madonna Di Loreto (2006-07 onwards): Collection of 261 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to the Metro Metro C Subway line sites of the “Piazza Venezia | Piazza Madonna di Loreto. Area S14 / B1 (2007-2014) = Area of the former Palazzo Bolognetti Torlonia | Palazzo Parracciani Nepoli & the Via Macel dei Corvi,” (2006-07 onwards), by M. G. Conde (2006 onwards).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA - TAV. 06 - Progetto di rifunzionalizzazione dell’area archeologica di piazza Madonna di Loreto a Roma di Franesco Ciresi, Donatella Mighela, Antonio Lopez Garcia. La Sapienza (2009-10), Tav. I-XVI.

8.4. Rome, the Imperial Fora, the Via dei Fori Imperiali, and the Rome Metro C Subway Line | Piazza Venezia | Pz. Madonna Di Loreto (2009-10): Collection of 22 of Design Plans, Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to the Metro Metro C Subway line sites of the “Piazza Venezia | Piazza Madonna di Loreto. Area S14 / B1 = Rome, the La Sapienza University of Rome Metro C Project – “Progetto di rifunzionalizzazione dell’area archeologica di piazza Madonna di Loreto a Roma di Franesco Ciresi, Donatella Mighela, Antonio Lopez Garcia. La Sapienza (2009-10), Tav. I-XVI,” by M. G. Conde (2013 onwards).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA - TAV. 01- Progetto di rifunzionalizzazione dell’area archeologica di piazza Madonna di Loreto a Roma di Franesco Ciresi, Donatella Mighela, Antonio Lopez Garcia. La Sapienza (2009-10), Tav. I-XVI.

8.5. Rome, the Imperial Fora, the Via dei Fori Imperiali, and the Rome Metro C Subway Line | Piazza Venezia | Pz. Madonna Di Loreto and the studies of the site by Dr. Antonio Lopez García [Spain, the La Sapienza University of Rome, the University of Florence, Italy] (2010-13) & Dr. Vasco La Salvia, The Studies of the Medieval Metal Workshops located in the Ruins of the Athenaeum of Hadrian, The University of Chieti | Siena, Italy (11 April 2014), by M. G. Conde (2013-14).

— 8.5.1. Collection of 85 Photographs and other Research Materials based upon Dr. Antonio Lopez García’s studies of the Excavation sites of the Piazza Madonna di Loreto | l’Athenaeum di Adriano between 2010 and 2013, in: Dott. A. L. García, ‘En busca del Athenaeum de Adriano | In search of Hadrian’s Athenaeum,” ANALES DE ARQUEOLOGÍA C O R D O B E S A, núm. 23-24 (2012-2013), pp. 217-134 [= PDF pp. 1-24], by M. G. Conde (2013-14 onwards).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Dott. Antonio Lopez Garcia, "Las estructuras de la Piazza della Madonna di Loreto: ¿El Athenaeum de Adriano?", Universita degli Studi di Firenze (2014), [PDF pp. 1-360].

— 8.5.2. Collection of 5 Photographs realting to Dr. Vasco La Salvia, “Impianti metallurgici altomedievali a Roma. Alcune riflessioni tecnologiche a partire dai recenti rinvenimenti,” Universita di Chieti | Siena, Italy, Archeologia tardoantica e altomedievale a Siena, FACEBOOK (11|04|2014).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Dott. Antonio Lopez Garcia, "Las estructuras de la Piazza della Madonna di Loreto: ¿El Athenaeum de Adriano?", Universita degli Studi di Firenze (2014), [PDF pp. 1-360].

8.6. Rome, the Imperial Fora, the Via dei Fori Imperiali, and the Rome Metro C Subway Line | Piazza Venezia | the Palazzo delle Assicurazioni Generali Exhibit (2013-14): Collection of 56 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to the Palazzo delle Assicurazioni Generali Exhibit (2013-14) – “PALAZZO DELLE ASSICURAZIONI GENERALI. I reperti rinvenuti sotto il palazzo – scavi archeologici effettuati tra il 1902 e il 1904. Dr. Arch. Pietro Storti (ed.), Museo – Pal. Assicuruazioni Generali, Rome & Torino, Italy (2013-14),” by M. G. Conde (2013-14).

Rome – Exhibition: “RADICI DEL PRESENTE”. Attualità e valore delle tracce di Roma antica, Trieste, Italy (27.01.2007 – 30.05.2007). Display of 28 artifacts discovered at the Pal. Assicurazioni Generali in the Piazza Venezia (c.1902-1904).

8.7. Rome, the Imperial Fora, the Via dei Fori Imperiali, and the Rome Metro C Subway Line | the Basilica Maximus, the Velia Hill, the Palazzo Rivaldi & the Colosseum Valley (2006-14 & 1930-33): Collection of 152 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to the Metro C studies and excavations of the the Basilica Maximus, the Velia Hill, the pal. Rivaldi & the Colosseum Valley in 2006-14 & also earlier studies and excavations in 1930-33, by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Mayor Virginia Raggi & the Rome City Hall pulls plug on costly, graft-ridden Metro C subway project, REUTERS NEWS, U.K., (04/11/2016).

8.9. Rome, the Imperial Fora, the Via dei Fori Imperiali, and the Rome Metro C Subway Line (2006-11): Collection of 74 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to the Planning of the Rome, Metro C Line Subway Project, and other ongoing Italian & International Subway projects conducted in the City of Athens, Naples, Istanbul & Rome (2006-11), by M. G. Conde (1999 onwards).

Rome: Archaeology and the Metro C Subway Project: 2005 - onwards. Brief Photographic Summary of the Metro C Subway Project in Rome, including the New Metro Subway Services  & Related Exhibition of the Artifacts in Athens, Naples and Istanbul.

8.10. Rome, the Imperial Fora, the Via dei Fori Imperiali, and the Rome Metro C Subway Line (2008-13): Collection of 61 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to the urban transformation of the area of the Piazza Venezia between 1901-1905, in: “Roma – Palazzetto di San Marco & Piazza di Venezia – Casa Virginio Stampa ca. 1902, Archives of the City of Rome (2008), & Ermanno Ponti, Roma sparita tra la Pedacchia e Macel De’ Corvi. CAPITOLIUM, 7 (1931), pp. 477-87, by M. G. Conde (2008 onwards).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA. Roma – La costruzione del monument a Vittorio Emanuele II, “Storia degli scavi: rinvenimenti e demolizioni sull’Arx” (1885-1911), in: Chiara Botturi, (2012); M. Barberini (2008); & P. Mazzei (2008), ecc.

9. Rome, the Imperial Fora, the Via dei Fori Imperiali, the Rome Metro C Subway Line & the Commissario delegato per le Aree Archeologiche di Roma e Ostia Antica [MIBAC | SSBAR] (2008-13): Collection of 143 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to the former Urban and Archaeological Planning for the Completion of the Rome, the Imperial Fora Project and the Metro C Rome Metro C Subway Line by the Special Archaeological Commission of Rome [MIBAC|SSBAR] (2008-13), by M. G. Conde (2008 onwards).

RAPPORTO ARCHEOLOGIA 2012 - Dall'Appia al Palatino. Ecco la mappa degli scavi. Nei piani del commissario Cecchi il tetto “mimetico” per la casa di Augusto e l’apertura delle terrazze della Domus Tiberiana. La Repubblica (10/08/2011), p. 11 [PDF pp. 1-3].

10. Rome, the Imperial Fora, and the Via dei Fori Imperiali and the neglect and mismanagement of the archaeological center of Rome by the former Political Administrations of the Italian Ministry of Culture and the adminstration of the City of Rome (2005-2013 and 2014): Collection of 489 General News items, Scholarly Reports and Contemporay & Historic Photographs relating to the neglect and mismanagement of the area of the Imperial Fora & the Via dei Fori Imperiali (2005-2014), M. G. Conde (2004 onwards).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA. A ROMA I TOPI AVANZANO - emergenza topi al Foro romano e a Palazzo Massimo. La sopraintendenza: "Non riusciamo a fronteggiarlo", l'Huffington post (03|02|2016).

________

Thank you
Martin G. Conde
Washington DC, USA
2 September 2014
mgconde[@]yahoo.com

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